JavaScript表单验证完美代码

 更新时间:2017年03月02日 09:29:33   作者:ChauncyWu   我要评论
用原生JS写一个简单的表单验证功能,代码分为html部分和js部分,代码简单易懂,非常不错,具有参考借鉴价值,需要的朋友参考下

用原生JS写一个简单的表单验证

 首先,是html部分

<div class="divAll"> 
   <div id="titles">新用户注册</div> 
   <div id="contents"> 
   <h3>基本信息</h3> 
   <hr width="95%" color="#f2f2f2"/> 
   <form action="#" onSubmit="return checkForm()"> 
    <div id="form-itemGroup"> 
      <label for="userName">用户名:</label> 
      <input type="text" id="userName" class="userName" onBlur="checkUserName()" oninput="checkUserName()"> 
      <span class="default" id="nameErr">请输入至少3位的用户名</span> 
    </div> 
    <div id="form-itemGroup"> 
      <label for="userPasword">密码:</label> 
      <input type="password" id="userPasword" class="userName" onBlur="checkPassword()" oninput="checkPassword()"> 
      <span class="default" id="passwordErr">请输入4到8位的密码</span> 
    </div> 
    <div id="form-itemGroup"> 
      <label for="userConfirmPasword">确认密码:</label> 
      <input type="password" id="userConfirmPasword" class="userName" onBlur="ConfirmPassword()" oninput="ConfirmPassword()"> 
      <span class="default" id="conPasswordErr">请再输入一遍密码</span> 
    </div> 
    <div id="form-itemGroup"> 
      <label for="userPhone">手机号码:</label> 
      <input type="text" id="userPhone" class="userName" onBlur="checkPhone()" oninput="checkPhone()"> 
      <span class="default" id="phoneErr">请输入11位手机号码</span> 
    </div> 
    <div> 
     <button type="submit" class="divBtn">注册</button> 
    </div> 
   </form> 
   </div> 
 </div> 

 接着,为其加上CSS样式

<style type="text/css"> 
 .divAll{ 
   width:800px; 
   font-family:'黑体'; 
   margin:50px auto; 
   } 
 #titles{ 
   font-weight:bold; 
   font-size:18px; 
   height:50px; 
   line-height:50px; 
   background:#FFF9F3; 
   text-align:center;  
   border:1px solid #CCC;; 
   } 
 #contents{ 
    margin-top:20px; 
    background:#FFF9F3; 
    border:1px solid #CCC;; 
    } 
  #form-itemGroup{ 
   padding:10px;  
    } 
  #form-itemGroup label{ 
    display:inline-block; 
    width:100px; 
    height:32px; 
    line-height:32px; 
    color:#666; 
    text-align:right; 
    } 
  #form-itemGroup .userName{ 
    width:200px; 
    height:40px; 
    line-height:40px; 
    border:1px solid #CCC; 
    }   
  #form-itemGroup .default{ 
    width:200px; 
    height:32px; 
    line-height:32px; 
    color:#999; 
    }  
  #form-itemGroup .error{ 
    height:32px; 
    line-height:32px; 
    color:#F00; 
    } 
  #form-itemGroup .success{ 
    height:32px; 
    line-height:32px; 
    color:#096; 
    }  
  .divBtn{ 
    margin-top:20px; 
    margin-left:200px; 
    width:100px; 
    height:32px; 
    line-height:32px; 
    background-color:#F93; 
    margin-bottom:10px; 
    color:#ffffff; 
    font-weight:bold; 
    border:none; 
    } 
</style> 

最后是JS部分

<script type="text/javascript"> 
 function checkForm(){ 
  var nametip = checkUserName(); 
  var passtip = checkPassword();  
  var conpasstip = ConfirmPassword(); 
  var phonetip = checkPhone(); 
  return nametip && passtip && conpasstip && phonetip; 
  } 
  //验证用户名   
  function checkUserName(){ 
  var username = document.getElementById('userName'); 
  var errname = document.getElementById('nameErr'); 
  var pattern = /^\w{3,}$/;  //用户名格式正则表达式:用户名要至少三位 
  if(username.value.length == 0){ 
    errname.innerHTML="用户名不能为空" 
    errname.className="error" 
    return false; 
    } 
  if(!pattern.test(username.value)){ 
    errname.innerHTML="用户名不合规范" 
    errname.className="error" 
    return false; 
    } 
   else{ 
     errname.innerHTML="OK" 
     errname.className="success"; 
     return true; 
     } 
  } 
  //验证密码   
function checkPassword(){ 
  var userpasswd = document.getElementById('userPasword'); 
  var errPasswd = document.getElementById('passwordErr'); 
  var pattern = /^\w{4,8}$/; //密码要在4-8位 
  if(!pattern.test(userpasswd.value)){ 
    errPasswd.innerHTML="密码不合规范" 
    errPasswd.className="error" 
    return false; 
    } 
   else{ 
     errPasswd.innerHTML="OK" 
     errPasswd.className="success"; 
     return true; 
     } 
  } 
  //确认密码 
  function ConfirmPassword(){ 
  var userpasswd = document.getElementById('userPasword'); 
  var userConPassword = document.getElementById('userConfirmPasword'); 
  var errConPasswd = document.getElementById('conPasswordErr'); 
  if((userpasswd.value)!=(userConPassword.value) || userConPassword.value.length == 0){ 
    errConPasswd.innerHTML="上下密码不一致" 
    errConPasswd.className="error" 
    return false; 
    } 
   else{ 
     errConPasswd.innerHTML="OK" 
     errConPasswd.className="success"; 
     return true; 
     }    
  } 
//验证手机号 
  function checkPhone(){ 
  var userphone = document.getElementById('userPhone'); 
  var phonrErr = document.getElementById('phoneErr'); 
  var pattern = /^1[34578]\d{9}$/; //验证手机号正则表达式 
  if(!pattern.test(userphone.value)){ 
    phonrErr.innerHTML="手机号码不合规范" 
    phonrErr.className="error" 
    return false; 
    } 
   else{ 
     phonrErr.innerHTML="OK" 
     phonrErr.className="success"; 
     return true; 
     } 
  } 
</script> 

 好了,打开浏览器测试一下吧

  填写数据,可以!

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的JavaScript表单验证完美代码,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对脚本之家网站的支持!

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