python xlsxwriter创建excel图表的方法

转载  更新时间:2018年06月11日 11:31:23   作者:CharliePeng   我要评论

这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了python xlsxwriter创建excel图表的方法,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

本文实例为大家分享了python xlsxwriter创建excel图表的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如

#coding=utf-8 
import xlsxwriter 
from xlsxwriter.workbook import Workbook 
from xlrd.sheet import Sheet 
 
def demo1(): 
 import xlsxwriter 
 
 
 # 创建excel文件 
 workbook = xlsxwriter.Workbook('demo.xlsx') 
#  添加worksheet,也可以指定名字 
 worksheet = workbook.add_worksheet() 
 worksheet = workbook.add_worksheet('Test') 
  
 #设置第一列的宽度 
 worksheet.set_column('A:A', len('hello ')+1) 
  
 #添加一个加粗格式方便后面使用 
 bold = workbook.add_format({'bold': True}) 
  
 #在A1单元格写入纯文本 
 worksheet.write('A1', 'Hello') 
  
 #在A2单元格写入带格式的文本 
 worksheet.write('A2', 'World', bold) 
  
 #指定行列写入数字,下标从0开始 
 worksheet.write(2, 0, 123) 
 worksheet.write(3, 0, 123.456) 
  
 #在B5单元格插入图片 
 worksheet.insert_image('B5', 'python-logo.png') 
  
  
 workbook.close() 
  
  
def charts(): 
 workbook = xlsxwriter.Workbook('chart_column.xlsx') 
 worksheet = workbook.add_worksheet() 
 bold = workbook.add_format({'bold': 1}) 
  
 # 这是个数据table的列 
 headings = ['Number', 'Batch 1', 'Batch 2'] 
 data = [ 
  [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7], 
  [10, 40, 50, 20, 10, 50], 
  [30, 60, 70, 50, 40, 30], 
 ] 
 #写入一行 
 worksheet.write_row('A1', headings, bold) 
 #写入一列 
 worksheet.write_column('A2', data[0]) 
 worksheet.write_column('B2', data[1]) 
 worksheet.write_column('C2', data[2]) 
  
  
  
 ############################################ 
 #创建一个图表,类型是column 
 chart1 = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'column'}) 
  
 # 配置series,这个和前面worksheet是有关系的。 
#  指定图表的数据范围 
 chart1.add_series({ 
  'name':  '=Sheet1!$B$1', 
  'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
  'values':  '=Sheet1!$B$2:$B$7', 
 }) 
 chart1.add_series({ 
  'name':  "=Sheet1!$C$1", 
  'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
  'values':  '=Sheet1!$C$2:$C$7', 
 }) 
# 配置series的另一种方法  
#  #  [sheetname, first_row, first_col, last_row, last_col] 
#  chart1.add_series({ 
#   'name':   ['Sheet1',0,1], 
#   'categories': ['Sheet1',1,0,6,0], 
#   'values':  ['Sheet1',1,1,6,1], 
#      }) 
#   
# 
# 
#  chart1.add_series({ 
#   'name':  ['Sheet1', 0, 2], 
#   'categories': ['Sheet1', 1, 0, 6, 0], 
#   'values':  ['Sheet1', 1, 2, 6, 2], 
#  }) 
  
 
#  添加图表标题和标签 
 chart1.set_title ({'name': 'Results of sample analysis'}) 
 chart1.set_x_axis({'name': 'Test number'}) 
 chart1.set_y_axis({'name': 'Sample length (mm)'}) 
  
 # 设置图表风格 
 chart1.set_style(11)  
  
 # 在D2单元格插入图表(带偏移) 
 worksheet.insert_chart('D2', chart1, {'x_offset': 25, 'y_offset': 10}) 
  
 ####################################################################### 
 # 
 # 创建一个叠图子类型 
 chart2 = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'column', 'subtype': 'stacked'}) 
  
 # Configure the first series. 
 chart2.add_series({ 
  'name':  '=Sheet1!$B$1', 
  'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
  'values':  '=Sheet1!$B$2:$B$7', 
 }) 
  
 # Configure second series. 
 chart2.add_series({ 
  'name':  '=Sheet1!$C$1', 
  'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
  'values':  '=Sheet1!$C$2:$C$7', 
 }) 
  
 # Add a chart title and some axis labels. 
 chart2.set_title ({'name': 'Stacked Chart'}) 
 chart2.set_x_axis({'name': 'Test number'}) 
 chart2.set_y_axis({'name': 'Sample length (mm)'}) 
  
 # Set an Excel chart style. 
 chart2.set_style(12) 
  
 # Insert the chart into the worksheet (with an offset). 
 worksheet.insert_chart('D18', chart2, {'x_offset': 25, 'y_offset': 10}) 
  
 ####################################################################### 
 # 
 # Create a percentage stacked chart sub-type. 
 # 
 chart3 = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'column', 'subtype': 'percent_stacked'}) 
  
 # Configure the first series. 
 chart3.add_series({ 
  'name':  '=Sheet1!$B$1', 
  'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
  'values':  '=Sheet1!$B$2:$B$7', 
 }) 
  
 # Configure second series. 
 chart3.add_series({ 
  'name':  '=Sheet1!$C$1', 
  'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
  'values':  '=Sheet1!$C$2:$C$7', 
 }) 
  
 # Add a chart title and some axis labels. 
 chart3.set_title ({'name': 'Percent Stacked Chart'}) 
 chart3.set_x_axis({'name': 'Test number'}) 
 chart3.set_y_axis({'name': 'Sample length (mm)'}) 
  
 # Set an Excel chart style. 
 chart3.set_style(13) 
  
 # Insert the chart into the worksheet (with an offset). 
 worksheet.insert_chart('D34', chart3, {'x_offset': 25, 'y_offset': 10}) 
 #生成圆饼图 
 chart4 = workbook.add_chart({'type':'pie'}) 
 #定义数据 
 data = [ 
   ['Pass','Fail','Warn','NT'], 
   [333,11,12,22], 
   ] 
 #写入数据 
 worksheet.write_row('A51',data[0],bold) 
 worksheet.write_row('A52',data[1]) 
  
 chart4.add_series({   
  'name':   '接口测试报表图', 
  'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$51:$D$51', 
  'values':  '=Sheet1!$A$52:$D$52', 
  'points':[ 
   {'fill':{'color':'#00CD00'}}, 
   {'fill':{'color':'red'}}, 
   {'fill':{'color':'yellow'}}, 
   {'fill':{'color':'gray'}}, 
     ], 
 }) 
 # Add a chart title and some axis labels. 
 chart4.set_title ({'name': '接口测试统计'}) 
 chart4.set_style(3)  
#  chart3.set_y_axis({'name': 'Sample length (mm)'}) 
  
 worksheet.insert_chart('E52', chart4, {'x_offset': 25, 'y_offset': 10}) 
 workbook.close() 
if __name__ == '__main__': 
#  demo1() 
 charts() 
 print('finished...') 
 pass 

效果如下

参考文档:

https://pypi.python.org/pypi/XlsxWriter

python使用xlsxwriter打造excel周报日周的统计图表

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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