PHP实现基于Redis的MessageQueue队列封装操作示例

 更新时间:2019年02月02日 12:01:58   作者:快乐de馒头   我要评论

这篇文章主要介绍了PHP实现基于Redis的MessageQueue队列封装操作,结合实例形式分析了Redis的PHP消息队列封装与使用相关操作技巧,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了PHP实现基于Redis的MessageQueue队列封装操作。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

Redis的链表List可以用来做链表,高并发的特性非常适合做分布式的并行消息传递。

项目地址:https://github.com/huyanping/Zebra-PHP-Framework

左进右出

$redis->lPush($key, $value);
$redis->rPop($key);

以下程序已在生产环境中正式使用。

基于Redis的PHP消息队列封装

<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: huyanping
 * Date: 14-8-19
 * Time: 下午12:10
 *
 * 基于Redis的消息队列封装
 */
namespace Zebra\MessageQueue;
class RedisMessageQueue implements IMessageQueue
{
  protected $redis_server;
  protected $server;
  protected $port;
  /**
   * @var 消息队列标志
   */
  protected $key;
  /**
   * 构造队列,创建redis链接
   * @param $server_config
   * @param $key
   * @param bool $p_connect
   */
  public function __construct($server_config = array('IP' => '127.0.0.1', 'PORT' => '6379'), $key = 'redis_message_queue', $p_connect = false)
  {
    if (empty($key))
      throw new \Exception('message queue key can not be empty');
    $this->server = $server_config['IP'];
    $this->port = $server_config['PORT'];
    $this->key = $key;
    $this->check_environment();
    if ($p_connect) {
      $this->pconnect();
    } else {
      $this->connect();
    }
  }
  /**
   * 析构函数,关闭redis链接,使用长连接时,最好主动调用关闭
   */
  public function __destruct()
  {
    $this->close();
  }
  /**
   * 短连接
   */
  private function connect()
  {
    $this->redis_server = new \Redis();
    $this->redis_server->connect($this->server, $this->port);
  }
  /**
   * 长连接
   */
  public function pconnect()
  {
    $this->redis_server = new \Redis();
    $this->redis_server->pconnect($this->server, $this->port);
  }
  /**
   * 关闭链接
   */
  public function close()
  {
    $this->redis_server->close();
  }
  /**
   * 向队列插入一条信息
   * @param $message
   * @return mixed
   */
  public function put($message)
  {
    return $this->redis_server->lPush($this->key, $message);
  }
  /**
   * 向队列中插入一串信息
   * @param $message
   * @return mixed
   */
  public function puts(){
    $params = func_get_args();
    $message_array = array_merge(array($this->key), $params);
    return call_user_func_array(array($this->redis_server, 'lPush'), $message_array);
  }
  /**
   * 从队列顶部获取一条记录
   * @return mixed
   */
  public function get()
  {
    return $this->redis_server->lPop($this->key);
  }
  /**
   * 选择数据库,可以用于区分不同队列
   * @param $database
   */
  public function select($database)
  {
    $this->redis_server->select($database);
  }
  /**
   * 获得队列状态,即目前队列中的消息数量
   * @return mixed
   */
  public function size()
  {
    return $this->redis_server->lSize($this->key);
  }
  /**
   * 获取某一位置的值,不会删除该位置的值
   * @param $pos
   * @return mixed
   */
  public function view($pos)
  {
    return $this->redis_server->lGet($this->key, $pos);
  }
  /**
   * 检查Redis扩展
   * @throws Exception
   */
  protected function check_environment()
  {
    if (!\extension_loaded('redis')) {
      throw new \Exception('Redis extension not loaded');
    }
  }
}

如果需要一次写入多个队列,可以使用如下调用方式:

<?php
$redis = new RedisMessageQueue();
$redis->puts(1, 2, 3, 4);
$redis->puts(5, 6, 7, 8, 9);

模仿HTTPSQS输出结果的封装如下,提供了写入位置和读取位置记录的功能:

<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: huyanping
 * Date: 14-9-5
 * Time: 下午2:16
 *
 * 附加了队列状态信息的RedisMessageQueue
 */
namespace Zebra\MessageQueue;
class RedisMessageQueueStatus extends RedisMessageQueue {
  protected $record_status;
  protected $put_position;
  protected $get_position;
  public function __construct(
    $server_config = array('IP' => '127.0.0.1', 'PORT' => '6379'),
    $key = 'redis_message_queue',
    $p_connect = false,
    $record_status=true
  ){
    parent::__construct($server_config, $key, $p_connect);
    $this->record_status = $record_status;
    $this->put_position = $this->key . '_put_position';
    $this->get_position = $this->key . '_get_position';
  }
  public function get(){
    if($queue = parent::get()){
      $incr_result = $this->redis_server->incr($this->get_position);
      if(!$incr_result) throw new \Exception('can not mark get position,please check the redis server');
      return $queue;
    }else{
      return false;
    }
  }
  public function put($message){
    if(parent::put($message)){
      $incr_result = $this->redis_server->incr($this->put_position);
      if(!$incr_result) throw new \Exception('can not mark put position,please check the redis server');
      return true;
    }else{
      return false;
    }
  }
  public function puts_status(){
    $message_array = func_get_args();
    $result = call_user_func_array(array($this, 'puts'), $message_array);
    if($result){
      $this->redis_server->incrBy($this->put_position, count($message_array));
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  }
  public function size(){
    return $this->redis_server->lSize($this->key);
  }
  public function status(){
    $status['put_position'] = ($put_position = $this->redis_server->get($this->put_position)) ? $put_position : 0;
    $status['get_position'] = ($get_position = $this->redis_server->get($this->get_position)) ? $get_position : 0;
    $status['unread_queue'] = $this->size();
    $status['queue_name'] = $this->key;
    $status['server'] = $this->server;
    $status['port'] = $this->port;
    return $status;
  }
  public function status_normal(){
    $status = $this->status();
    $message = 'Redis Message Queue' . PHP_EOL;
    $message .= '-------------------' . PHP_EOL;
    $message .= 'Message queue name:' . $status['queue_name'] . PHP_EOL;
    $message .= 'Put position of queue:' . $status['put_position'] . PHP_EOL;
    $message .= 'Get position of queue:' . $status['get_position'] . PHP_EOL;
    $message .= 'Number of unread queue:' . $status['unread_queue'] . PHP_EOL;
    return $message;
  }
  public function status_json(){
    return \json_encode($this->status());
  }
}

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希望本文所述对大家PHP程序设计有所帮助。

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