Asp.Net中的三种分页方式总结

 更新时间:2010年06月09日 10:49:27   作者:   我要评论

解决分页这个问题搞了一天半,耗时巨大,现在总结一下。
通常分页有3种方法,分别是asp.net自带的数据显示空间如GridView等自带的分页,第三方分页控件如aspnetpager,存储过程分页等。这里分别做总结。
第一种:使用GridView自带分页,这种是最简单的分页方法。
前台的方法:
复制代码 代码如下:

<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" AllowPaging="true" runat="server"
onpageindexchanging="GridView1_PageIndexChanging" PageSize="3">
</asp:GridView>

后台方法:
代码
复制代码 代码如下:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using JXSoft.TicketManage.Model;
using JXSoft.TicketManage.BLL;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Data;
namespace JXSoft.TicketManage.Web
{
public partial class Test : System.Web.UI.Page
{
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if(!IsPostBack)
{
BindData();
}
}
protected void BindData()
{
DataTable dt=new DataTable();
dt.Columns.Add("ID");
dt.Columns.Add("Name");
for (int i = 0; i < 10;i++ )
{
dt.Rows.Add(i.ToString(), i.ToString());
}
this.GridView1.DataSource = dt;
this.GridView1.DataBind();
}
protected void GridView1_PageIndexChanging(object sender, GridViewPageEventArgs e)
{
this.GridView1.PageIndex = e.NewPageIndex;
BindData();
}
}
}

第二种:使用个性化显示的AspNetPager.dll进行分页
此处需要添加aspnetpager.dll的引用
前台:
复制代码 代码如下:

<form id="form1" runat="server">
<div>
<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" >
</asp:GridView>
<webdiyer:AspNetPager ID="AspNetPager1" runat="server"
CustomInfoHTML="第%CurrentPageIndex%页,共%PageCount%页,每页%PageSize%条"
FirstPageText="首页" LastPageText="尾页" LayoutType="Table" NextPageText="下一页"
onpagechanging="AspNetPager1_PageChanging" PageIndexBoxType="DropDownList"
PagingButtonLayoutType="Span" PrevPageText="上一页" ShowCustomInfoSection="Left"
ShowPageIndexBox="Always" SubmitButtonText="Go" PageSize="4" TextAfterPageIndexBox="页"
TextBeforePageIndexBox="转到">
</webdiyer:AspNetPager>
</div>
</form>

后台:
复制代码 代码如下:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using JXSoft.TicketManage.Model;
using JXSoft.TicketManage.BLL;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Data;
namespace JXSoft.TicketManage.Web
{
public partial class Test : System.Web.UI.Page
{
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
if(!IsPostBack)
{
BindData();
}
}
protected void BindData()
{
DataTable dt=new DataTable();
dt.Columns.Add("ID");
dt.Columns.Add("Name");
for (int i = 0; i < 10;i++ )
{
dt.Rows.Add(i.ToString(), i.ToString());
}
DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Tables.Add(dt);
Pager(this.GridView1, this.AspNetPager1, ds);
}
protected void Pager(GridView dl, Wuqi.Webdiyer.AspNetPager anp, System.Data.DataSet dst)
{
PagedDataSource pds = new PagedDataSource();
pds.DataSource = dst.Tables[0].DefaultView;
pds.AllowPaging = true;
anp.RecordCount = dst.Tables[0].DefaultView.Count;
pds.CurrentPageIndex = anp.CurrentPageIndex - 1;
pds.PageSize = anp.PageSize;
dl.DataSource = pds;
dl.DataBind();
}
protected void AspNetPager1_PageChanging(object src, Wuqi.Webdiyer.PageChangingEventArgs e)
{
AspNetPager1.CurrentPageIndex = e.NewPageIndex;
BindData();
}
}
}

第三种:使用AspNetPager结合存储过程进行分页
这种方法分页稍微复杂一些,但是可以应付比较大的数据量。
前台:
复制代码 代码如下:

<asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server" CssClass="GridTable" AutoGenerateColumns="false" onrowdatabound="GridView1_RowDataBound" >
</asp:GridView>
<webdiyer:AspNetPager ID="AspNetPager1" runat="server"
CustomInfoHTML="第%CurrentPageIndex%页,共%PageCount%页,每页%PageSize%条"
FirstPageText="首页" LastPageText="尾页" LayoutType="Table" NextPageText="下一页"
onpagechanged="AspNetPager1_PageChanged" PageIndexBoxType="DropDownList"
PagingButtonLayoutType="Span" PrevPageText="上一页" ShowCustomInfoSection="Left"
ShowPageIndexBox="Always" SubmitButtonText="Go" PageSize="4" TextAfterPageIndexBox="页"
TextBeforePageIndexBox="转到">
</webdiyer:AspNetPager>

后台:
复制代码 代码如下:

//绑定方法中需要传递aspnetpager的两个属性
protected void DataBind(){
DataSet ds = reportQueryBLL.GetTcikDetailReport(this.txtStartDate.Text,this.txtEndDate.Text,int.Parse( this.DropDownListPartment1.SelectedValue),
this.txtPayPerson1.Text,this.txtTicketNum.Text,this.txtTicketNo.Text,
AspNetPager1.StartRecordIndex,AspNetPager1.EndRecordIndex);//注意最后两个参数是aspnetpager的属性。
this.GridView1.DataSource = ds;
this.GridView1.DataBind();
}
//分页控件的页索引变化事件
protected void AspNetPager1_PageChanged(object src, EventArgs e)
{
BindDetailReportToGv();
}
//page_base中需要加载首次的数据条数
DataSet ds = reportQueryBLL.GetDetail(this.txtStartDate.Text, this.txtEndDate.Text, int.Parse(this.DropDownListPartment1.SelectedValue), this.txtPayPerson1.Text, this.txtTicketNum.Text, this.txtTicketNo.Text);
this.AspNetPager1.RecordCount = ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count;
BindDetailReportToGv();


这里用的存储过程比较复杂,因为SQL语句没有能够放到视图中,也无法直接从表中查出结果,这个存储过程有点变态,如果有朋友看到了,希望能指点一下。
其实存储过程的核心在于:
复制代码 代码如下:

Create PROCEDURE [dbo].[P_GetPagedOrders2005]
(@startIndex INT,
@endindex INT
)
AS
select * from (SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY IPid DESC) AS rownum,
[IPid],[IPFrom],[IPTo],[IPLocation],[IPCity],[IPToNumber],[IPFromNumber] from IPInfo) as U
WHERE rownum between @startIndex and @endIndex
GO


代码
复制代码 代码如下:

--下方可以忽略
--我用到的是存储过程:
set ANSI_NULLS ON
set QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
go
create PROCEDURE [dbo].[pro_pager]
(@startIndex INT,
@endindex INT,
@strwhere varchar(200)
)
AS
SELECT tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_ID_Int,tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_SellDatetime_Dtm,tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_TicketsNum_Str, tb_Department_Info.Dept_Name_Str, tb_User_Info.User_Name_Str,
tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_SellNumber_Str, tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_ShouldPay_Dec, tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_Count_Int,
tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_Discount_Dec, tb_On_Tick_Details.On_Tick_Details_StartNo_Int, CHARINDEX(N'a',
tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_Note_Text) AS Expr3, tb_User_Info_1.User_Name_Str AS Expr1, tb_Ticket_Type.TicketType_Name_Dec,
COUNT( tb_On_Tick_Details.On_Tick_Details_ID_Int) AS Expr2 ,tb_Department_Info.Dept_ID_Int
into #temp
FROM tb_User_Info INNER JOIN
tb_On_Tick_Info ON tb_User_Info.User_ID_Int = tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_SellPerson_Int INNER JOIN
tb_Department_Info ON tb_User_Info.User_DepartID_Int = tb_Department_Info.Dept_ID_Int INNER JOIN
tb_User_Info AS tb_User_Info_1 ON tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_PayPerson_Int = tb_User_Info_1.User_ID_Int INNER JOIN
tb_On_Tick_Details ON tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_SellNumber_Str = tb_On_Tick_Details.On_Tick_SellNumber_Str INNER JOIN
tb_Ticket_Type ON tb_On_Tick_Details.On_Tick_Details_TicketsType_Int = tb_Ticket_Type.TicketType_ID_Int
where 1=1 +@strwhere
GROUP BY tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_SellDatetime_Dtm,tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_TicketsNum_Str, tb_Department_Info.Dept_Name_Str, tb_User_Info.User_Name_Str,
tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_SellNumber_Str, tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_ShouldPay_Dec, tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_Count_Int,
tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_Discount_Dec, CHARINDEX(N'a', tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_Note_Text), tb_User_Info_1.User_Name_Str,
tb_Ticket_Type.TicketType_Name_Dec, tb_On_Tick_Details.On_Tick_Details_StartNo_Int ,tb_Department_Info.Dept_ID_Int,tb_On_Tick_Info.On_Tick_ID_Int
declare @sql varchar(8000)
set @sql = 'select CONVERT(varchar(12) , On_Tick_SellDatetime_Dtm, 111 ) as On_Tick_SellDatetime_Dtm,Dept_Name_Str,User_Name_Str,On_Tick_SellNumber_Str,convert(varchar(15), On_Tick_ShouldPay_Dec) as On_Tick_ShouldPay_Dec,On_Tick_Count_Int,On_Tick_Discount_Dec'
select @sql=@sql+',sum(case tickettype_name_dec when '''+tickettype_name_dec+''' then expr2 else 0 end) ['+tickettype_name_dec+']'
from (select distinct tickettype_name_dec from tb_Ticket_Type ) as a
set @sql=@sql+' ,expr3,Expr1,On_Tick_TicketsNum_Str,Dept_ID_Int,On_Tick_ID_Int into ##t from #temp
group by On_Tick_SellDatetime_Dtm,Dept_Name_Str,On_Tick_TicketsNum_Str,User_Name_Str,On_Tick_SellNumber_Str,On_Tick_ShouldPay_Dec,On_Tick_Count_Int,
On_Tick_Discount_Dec ,expr3,Expr1,Dept_ID_Int,On_Tick_ID_Int order by On_Tick_SellDatetime_Dtm '
exec( @sql )
--select * from ##t
select * from (SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY on_tick_id_int DESC) AS rownum,
* from ##t) as U
WHERE rownum between @startIndex and @endIndex
drop table ##t

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