php file_get_contents抓取Gzip网页乱码的三种解决方法

 更新时间:2013年11月12日 14:58:44   转载 作者:  
用 file_get_contents() 函数抓取网页会发生乱码现象。有两个原因会导致乱码,一个是编码问题,一个是目标页面开了Gzip,下面说的就是开了Gzip功能如何才能不乱码的方法

把抓取到的内容转下编码即可($content=iconv("GBK", "UTF-8//IGNORE", $content);),我们这里讨论的是如何抓取开了Gzip的页面。怎么判断呢?获取的头部当中有Content-Encoding: gzip说明内容是GZIP压缩的。用FireBug看一下就知道页面开了gzip没有。下面是用firebug查看我的博客的头信息,Gzip是开了的。

复制代码 代码如下:

请求头信息原始头信息
Accept text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Encoding gzip, deflate
Accept-Language zh-cn,zh;q=0.8,en-us;q=0.5,en;q=0.3
Connection keep-alive
Cookie __utma=225240837.787252530.1317310581.1335406161.1335411401.1537; __utmz=225240837.1326850415.887.3.utmcsr=google|utmccn=(organic)|utmcmd=organic|utmctr=%E4%BB%BB%E4%BD%95%E9%A1%B9%E7%9B%AE%E9%83%BD%E4%B8%8D%E4%BC%9A%E9%82%A3%E4%B9%88%E7%AE%80%E5%8D%95%20site%3Awww.nowamagic.net; PHPSESSID=888mj4425p8s0m7s0frre3ovc7; __utmc=225240837; __utmb=225240837.1.10.1335411401
Host www.nowamagic.net
User-Agent Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv:12.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/12.0

下面介绍一些解决方案:

1. 使用自带的zlib库
如果服务器已经装了zlib库,用下面的代码可以轻易解决乱码问题。

复制代码 代码如下:

$data = file_get_contents("compress.zlib://".$url);

2. 使用CURL代替file_get_contents

复制代码 代码如下:

function curl_get($url, $gzip=false){
 $curl = curl_init($url);
 curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
 curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, 10);
 if($gzip) curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_ENCODING, "gzip"); // 关键在这里
 $content = curl_exec($curl);
 curl_close($curl);
 return $content;
}

3. 使用gzip解压函数

复制代码 代码如下:

function gzdecode($data) {
  $len = strlen($data);
  if ($len < 18 || strcmp(substr($data,0,2),"\x1f\x8b")) {
    return null;  // Not GZIP format (See RFC 1952)
  }
  $method = ord(substr($data,2,1));  // Compression method
  $flags  = ord(substr($data,3,1));  // Flags
  if ($flags & 31 != $flags) {
    // Reserved bits are set -- NOT ALLOWED by RFC 1952
    return null;
  }
  // NOTE: $mtime may be negative (PHP integer limitations)
  $mtime = unpack("V", substr($data,4,4));
  $mtime = $mtime[1];
  $xfl   = substr($data,8,1);
  $os    = substr($data,8,1);
  $headerlen = 10;
  $extralen  = 0;
  $extra     = "";
  if ($flags & 4) {
    // 2-byte length prefixed EXTRA data in header
    if ($len - $headerlen - 2 < 8) {
      return false;    // Invalid format
    }
    $extralen = unpack("v",substr($data,8,2));
    $extralen = $extralen[1];
    if ($len - $headerlen - 2 - $extralen < 8) {
      return false;    // Invalid format
    }
    $extra = substr($data,10,$extralen);
    $headerlen += 2 + $extralen;
  }

  $filenamelen = 0;
  $filename = "";
  if ($flags & 8) {
    // C-style string file NAME data in header
    if ($len - $headerlen - 1 < 8) {
      return false;    // Invalid format
    }
    $filenamelen = strpos(substr($data,8+$extralen),chr(0));
    if ($filenamelen === false || $len - $headerlen - $filenamelen - 1 < 8) {
      return false;    // Invalid format
    }
    $filename = substr($data,$headerlen,$filenamelen);
    $headerlen += $filenamelen + 1;
  }

  $commentlen = 0;
  $comment = "";
  if ($flags & 16) {
    // C-style string COMMENT data in header
    if ($len - $headerlen - 1 < 8) {
      return false;    // Invalid format
    }
    $commentlen = strpos(substr($data,8+$extralen+$filenamelen),chr(0));
    if ($commentlen === false || $len - $headerlen - $commentlen - 1 < 8) {
      return false;    // Invalid header format
    }
    $comment = substr($data,$headerlen,$commentlen);
    $headerlen += $commentlen + 1;
  }

  $headercrc = "";
  if ($flags & 1) {
    // 2-bytes (lowest order) of CRC32 on header present
    if ($len - $headerlen - 2 < 8) {
      return false;    // Invalid format
    }
    $calccrc = crc32(substr($data,0,$headerlen)) & 0xffff;
    $headercrc = unpack("v", substr($data,$headerlen,2));
    $headercrc = $headercrc[1];
    if ($headercrc != $calccrc) {
      return false;    // Bad header CRC
    }
    $headerlen += 2;
  }

  // GZIP FOOTER - These be negative due to PHP's limitations
  $datacrc = unpack("V",substr($data,-8,4));
  $datacrc = $datacrc[1];
  $isize = unpack("V",substr($data,-4));
  $isize = $isize[1];

  // Perform the decompression:
  $bodylen = $len-$headerlen-8;
  if ($bodylen < 1) {
    // This should never happen - IMPLEMENTATION BUG!
    return null;
  }
  $body = substr($data,$headerlen,$bodylen);
  $data = "";
  if ($bodylen > 0) {
    switch ($method) {
      case 8:
        // Currently the only supported compression method:
        $data = gzinflate($body);
        break;
      default:
        // Unknown compression method
        return false;
    }
  } else {
    // I'm not sure if zero-byte body content is allowed.
    // Allow it for now...  Do nothing...
  }

  // Verifiy decompressed size and CRC32:
  // NOTE: This may fail with large data sizes depending on how
  //       PHP's integer limitations affect strlen() since $isize
  //       may be negative for large sizes.
  if ($isize != strlen($data) || crc32($data) != $datacrc) {
    // Bad format!  Length or CRC doesn't match!
    return false;
  }
  return $data;
}


使用:
复制代码 代码如下:

$html=file_get_contents('https://www.jb51.net/');
$html=gzdecode($html);

就介绍这三个方法,应该能解决大部分gzip引起的抓取乱码问题了。

相关文章

最新评论