动态代理的5模式使用示例和Mixin模式

 更新时间:2013年11月25日 10:18:37   转载 作者:  
什么叫"动态代理",代理模式我们都知道,动态代理就是动态生成的代理(采用Emit)。5种代理模式:ClassProxy、ClassProxyWithTarget、InterfaceProxyWithoutTarget、InterfaceProxyWithTarget、InterfaceProxyWithTargetInterface、Mixin模式

重量级的ORM和IOC产品离不开动态代理,作为开发人员,多数情况不用关注动态代理的内部实现机制,但是了解其一般的规律和模式还是有必要的,比如:虽然你开发期间采用了POCO,因为开启了动态代理,运行期间则不是POCO。本文简单描述了5种代理生成模式和1种Mixin模式,最后给出一个示例。

复制代码 代码如下:

public interface IPlayable
    {
        void Play();
    }

    public class Animal : IPlayable
    {
        public virtual void Play()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Animal.Play");
        }
    }

    public class Dog : Animal
    {
        public override void Play()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Dog.Play");
        }
    }

    public interface IRunable
    {
        void Run();
    }

    public class RunAbility : IRunable
    {
        public void Run()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("RunAbility.Run");
        }
    }

    public class AnimalInterceptor : IInterceptor
    {
        public void Intercept(IInvocation invocation)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Before AnimalInterceptor.Intercept");
            if (invocation.InvocationTarget != null)
            {
                invocation.Proceed();
            }
            Console.WriteLine("After AnimalInterceptor.Intercept");
        }
    }

第一种:ClassProxy

复制代码 代码如下:

{
                Console.WriteLine("\n*************ClassProxy*************\n");
                var generator = new ProxyGenerator();
                var animal = generator.CreateClassProxy<Animal>(new AnimalInterceptor());
                animal.Play();

                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType().BaseType);

                var compositeField = animal.GetType().GetField("__target");
                Console.WriteLine(compositeField);

                foreach (var interfaceType in animal.GetType().GetInterfaces())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(interfaceType);
                }
            }


第二种:ClassProxyWithTarget

复制代码 代码如下:

{
                Console.WriteLine("\n*************ClassProxyWithTarget*************\n");
                var generator = new ProxyGenerator();
                var animal = generator.CreateClassProxyWithTarget<Animal>(new Dog(), new AnimalInterceptor());
                animal.Play();

                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType().BaseType);

                var compositeField = animal.GetType().GetField("__target");
                Console.WriteLine(compositeField);

                foreach (var interfaceType in animal.GetType().GetInterfaces())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(interfaceType);
                }
            }



第三种:InterfaceProxyWithoutTarget

复制代码 代码如下:

{
                Console.WriteLine("\n*************InterfaceProxyWithoutTarget*************\n");
                var generator = new ProxyGenerator();
                var animal = generator.CreateInterfaceProxyWithoutTarget<IPlayable>(new AnimalInterceptor());
                animal.Play();

                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType().BaseType);

                var compositeField = animal.GetType().GetField("__target");
                Console.WriteLine(compositeField);

                foreach (var interfaceType in animal.GetType().GetInterfaces())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(interfaceType);
                }
            }



第四种:InterfaceProxyWithTarget

复制代码 代码如下:

{
                Console.WriteLine("\n*************InterfaceProxyWithTarget*************\n");
                var generator = new ProxyGenerator();
                var animal = generator.CreateInterfaceProxyWithTarget<IPlayable>(new Dog(), new AnimalInterceptor());
                animal.Play();

                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType().BaseType);

                var compositeField = animal.GetType().GetField("__target");
                Console.WriteLine(compositeField);

                foreach (var interfaceType in animal.GetType().GetInterfaces())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(interfaceType);
                }
            }



第五种:InterfaceProxyWithTargetInterface

复制代码 代码如下:

{
                Console.WriteLine("\n*************InterfaceProxyWithTargetInterface*************\n");
                var generator = new ProxyGenerator();
                var animal = generator.CreateInterfaceProxyWithTargetInterface<IPlayable>(new Dog(), new AnimalInterceptor());
                animal.Play();

                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType().BaseType);

                var compositeField = animal.GetType().GetField("__target");
                Console.WriteLine(compositeField);

                foreach (var interfaceType in animal.GetType().GetInterfaces())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(interfaceType);
                }
            }



Mixin模式

复制代码 代码如下:

{
                Console.WriteLine("\n*************Mixin*************\n");
                var generator = new ProxyGenerator();
                var options = new ProxyGenerationOptions();
                options.AddMixinInstance(new RunAbility());
                var animal = generator.CreateClassProxy<Animal>(options, new AnimalInterceptor());
                animal.Play();
                (animal as IRunable).Run();

                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine(animal.GetType().BaseType);

                var compositeField = animal.GetType().GetField("__target");
                Console.WriteLine(compositeField);

                foreach (var field in animal.GetType().GetFields())
                {
                    if (field.Name.StartsWith("__mixin"))
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine(field);
                    }
                }

                foreach (var interfaceType in animal.GetType().GetInterfaces())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(interfaceType);
                }
            }



 


您可能感兴趣的文章:

相关文章

最新评论