ASP.NET实现的简单易用文件上传类

 更新时间:2015年06月08日 09:24:31   投稿:junjie   我要评论

这篇文章主要介绍了ASP.NET实现的简单易用文件上传类,本文给出实现代码和使用方法示例,需要的朋友可以参考下

调用方法:

UploadFile uf = new UploadFile();
 
/*可选参数*/
uf.SetIsUseOldFileName(true);//是否使用原始文件名作为新文件的文件名(默认:true),true原始文件名,false系统生成新文件名
uf.SetFileDirectory(Server.MapPath("/file/temp3/"));//文件保存路径(默认:/upload)
uf.SetFileType("*");//允许上传的文件类型, 逗号分割,必须全部小写! *表示所有 (默认值: .pdf,.xls,.xlsx,.doc,.docx,.txt,.png,.jpg,.gif ) 
uf.SetIsRenameSameFile(false);//重命名同名文件?
 
 
//文件以时间分目录保存
var message = uf.Save(Request.Files["Fileupload1"]); // “/file/temp3/2015/4/xx.jpg”
 
//文件以编号分目录保存
var message2 = uf.Save(Request.Files["Fileupload1"], "001" /*编号*/); //  “/file/temp3/001/xx.jpg”
 
 
//返回信息
var isError = message.Error;//判段是否上传成功
var webPath = message.WebFilePath;//返回web路径
var msg = message.Message;//返回上传信息
var filePath = message.FilePath;//反回文件路径
var isSuccess = message.Error == false;

代码:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Hosting;
 
 
namespace SyntacticSugar
{
  /// <summary>
  /// ** 描述:单文件上传类 (暂时不支持多文件上传)
  /// ** 创始时间:2015-5-27
  /// ** 修改时间:-
  /// ** 作者:sunkaixuan
  /// </summary>
  public class UploadFile
  {
 
    private ParamsModel Params;
    public UploadFile()
    {
      Params = new ParamsModel()
      {
        FileDirectory = "/upload",
        FileType = ".pdf,.xls,.xlsx,.doc,.docx,.txt,.png,.jpg,.gif",
        MaxSizeM = 10,
        PathSaveType = PathSaveType.dateTimeNow,
        IsRenameSameFile=true
      };
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 文件保存路径(默认:/upload)
    /// </summary>
    public void SetFileDirectory(string fileDirectory)
    {
      if (fileDirectory == null)
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException("fileDirectory");
      }
 
      var isMapPath = Regex.IsMatch(fileDirectory, @"[a-z]\:\\", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase);
      if (isMapPath)
      {
        fileDirectory = GetRelativePath(fileDirectory);
      }
      Params.FileDirectory = fileDirectory;
    }
 
  
    /// <summary>
    /// 是否使用原始文件名作为新文件的文件名(默认:true)
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="isUseOldFileName">true原始文件名,false系统生成新文件名</param>
    public void SetIsUseOldFileName(bool isUseOldFileName)
    {
      Params.IsUseOldFileName = isUseOldFileName;
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 允许上传的文件类型, 逗号分割,必须全部小写! *表示所有 (默认值: .pdf,.xls,.xlsx,.doc,.docx,.txt,.png,.jpg,.gif ) 
    /// </summary>
    public void SetFileType(string fileType)
    {
      Params.FileType = fileType;
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 允许上传多少大小(单位:M)
    /// </summary>
    public void SetMaxSizeM(double maxSizeM)
    {
      Params.MaxSizeM = maxSizeM;
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 重命名同名文件?
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="isRenameSameFile">true:重命名,false覆盖</param>
    public void SetIsRenameSameFile(bool isRenameSameFile)
    {
      Params.IsRenameSameFile = isRenameSameFile;
    }
 
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 保存表单文件
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="postFile">HttpPostedFile</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public ResponseMessage Save(HttpPostedFile postFile)
    {
      return CommonSave(postFile);
    }
 
 
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 保存表单文件,根据编号创建子文件夹
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="postFile">HttpPostedFile</param>
    /// <param name="number">编号</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public ResponseMessage Save(HttpPostedFile postFile, string number)
    {
 
      Params.PathSaveType = PathSaveType.code;
      _Number = number;
      return CommonSave(postFile);
    }
 
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 保存表单文件,根据HttpPostedFile
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="postFile">HttpPostedFile</param>
    /// <param name="isRenameSameFile">值为true 同名文件进行重命名,false覆盖原有文件</param>
    /// <param name="fileName">新的文件名</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    private ResponseMessage CommonSave(HttpPostedFile postFile)
    {
 
      ResponseMessage reval = new ResponseMessage();
      try
      {
        if (postFile == null || postFile.ContentLength == 0)
        {
          TryError(reval, "没有文件!");
          return reval;
        }
 
        //文件名
        string fileName = Params.IsUseOldFileName ? postFile.FileName : DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMddhhmmssms") + Path.GetExtension(postFile.FileName);
 
        //验证格式
        this.CheckingType(reval, postFile.FileName);
        //验证大小
        this.CheckSize(reval, postFile);
 
        if (reval.Error) return reval;
 
 
        string webDir = string.Empty;
        // 获取存储目录
        var directory = this.GetDirectory(ref webDir);
        var filePath = directory + fileName;
        if (System.IO.File.Exists(filePath))
        {
          if (Params.IsRenameSameFile)
          {
            filePath = directory + DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMddhhssms") + "-" + fileName;
          }
          else
          {
            System.IO.File.Delete(filePath);
          }
        }
        // 保存文件
        postFile.SaveAs(filePath);
        reval.FilePath = filePath;
        reval.FilePath = webDir + fileName;
        reval.FileName = fileName;
        reval.WebFilePath = webDir + fileName;
        return reval;
      }
      catch (Exception ex)
      {
        TryError(reval, ex.Message);
        return reval;
      }
    }
 
    private void CheckSize(ResponseMessage message, HttpPostedFile PostFile)
    {
      if (PostFile.ContentLength / 1024.0 / 1024.0 > Params.MaxSizeM)
      {
        TryError(message, string.Format("对不起上传文件过大,不能超过{0}M!", Params.MaxSizeM));
      }
    }
    /// <summary>
    /// 根据物理路径获取相对路径
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="fileDirectory"></param>
    /// <param name="sever"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    private static string GetRelativePath(string fileDirectory)
    {
      var sever = HttpContext.Current.Server;
      fileDirectory = "/" + fileDirectory.Replace(sever.MapPath("~/"), "").TrimStart('/').Replace('\\', '/');
      return fileDirectory;
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 获取目录
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    private string GetDirectory(ref string webDir)
    {
      var sever = HttpContext.Current.Server;
      // 存储目录
      string directory = Params.FileDirectory;
 
      // 目录格式
      string childDirectory = DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyy-MM/dd");
      if (Params.PathSaveType == PathSaveType.code)
      {
        childDirectory = _Number;
      }
      webDir = directory.TrimEnd('/') + "/" + childDirectory + '/';
      string dir = sever.MapPath(webDir);
      // 创建目录
      if (Directory.Exists(dir) == false)
        Directory.CreateDirectory(dir);
      return dir;
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 验证文件类型)
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="fileName"></param>
    private void CheckingType(ResponseMessage message, string fileName)
    {
      if (Params.FileType != "*")
      {
        // 获取允许允许上传类型列表
        string[] typeList = Params.FileType.Split(',');
 
        // 获取上传文件类型(小写)
        string type = Path.GetExtension(fileName).ToLowerInvariant(); ;
 
        // 验证类型
        if (typeList.Contains(type) == false)
          this.TryError(message, "文件类型非法!");
      }
    }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 抛出错误
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="Msg"></param>
    private void TryError(ResponseMessage message, string msg)
    {
      message.Error = true;
      message.Message = msg;
    }
 
    #region models
 
    private class ParamsModel
    {
      /// <summary>
      /// 文件保存路径
      /// </summary>
      public string FileDirectory { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 允许上传的文件类型, 逗号分割,必须全部小写!
      /// </summary>
      public string FileType { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 允许上传多少大小
      /// </summary>
      public double MaxSizeM { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 路径存储类型
      /// </summary>
      public PathSaveType PathSaveType { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 重命名同名文件?
      /// </summary>
      public bool IsRenameSameFile { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 是否使用原始文件名
      /// </summary>
      public bool IsUseOldFileName { get; set; }
    }
 
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 路径存储类型
    /// </summary>
    public enum PathSaveType
    {
      /// <summary>
      /// 根据时间创建存储目录
      /// </summary>
      dateTimeNow = 0,
      /// <summary>
      /// 根据ID编号方式来创建存储目录
      /// </summary>
      code = 1
 
    }
    private string _Number { get; set; }
 
    /// <summary>
    /// 反回信息
    /// </summary>
    public class ResponseMessage
    {
      /// <summary>
      /// 上传错误
      /// </summary>
      public bool Error { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 消息
      /// </summary>
      public string Message { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 文件路径
      /// </summary>
      public string FilePath { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 网站路径
      /// </summary>
      public string WebFilePath { get; set; }
      /// <summary>
      /// 获取文件名
      /// </summary>
      public string FileName { get; set; }
 
    }
    #endregion
  }
}

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