JS+CSS实现美化的下拉列表框效果

 更新时间:2015年08月11日 15:00:15   作者:企鹅   我要评论
这篇文章主要介绍了JS+CSS实现美化的下拉列表框效果,涉及javascript针对下拉列表框样式的相关操作技巧,非常美观大方,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了JS+CSS实现美化的下拉列表框效果。分享给大家供大家参考。具体如下:

一款经过JS+CSS美化的下拉列表,效果很不错,但代码有点偏多,学习CSS的朋友可以学习一下方法,然后自己变通一下,把代码简化一下。

运行效果如下图所示:

具体代码如下:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=gb2312" />
<title>JS+CSS下拉列表</title>
<style type="text/css">
body{
 font-size:12px; margin:0
}
.center{ margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto; margin-top:200px; width:300px;}
#age_sel_2 div.tag_select{display:block;color:#000;width:62px;height:22px;background:transparent url("//files.jb51.net/file_images/article/201508/2015811145849095.gif") no-repeat 0 0;padding:0 10px;line-height:22px;}
#age_sel_2 div.tag_select_hover{display:block;color:#000;width:62px;height:22px;background:transparent url("//files.jb51.net/file_images/article/201508/2015811145849095.gif") no-repeat 0 -22px;padding:0 10px;line-height:22px;}
#age_sel_2 div.tag_select_open{display:block;color:#000;width:62px;height:22px;background:transparent url("//files.jb51.net/file_images/article/201508/2015811145849095.gif") no-repeat 0 -44px;padding:0 10px;line-height:22px;}
#age_sel_2 ul.tag_options{position:absolute;margin:0;list-style:none;background:transparent url("//files.jb51.net/file_images/article/201508/2015811145849095.gif") no-repeat left bottom;padding:0 0 1px;margin:0;width:60px;}
#age_sel_2 ul.tag_options li{background:transparent url("//files.jb51.net/file_images/article/201508/2015811145849095.gif") repeat-y -102px 0;display:block;width:61px;padding:0 10px;height:22px;text-decoration:none;line-height:22px;color:#000;}
#age_sel_2 ul.tag_options li.open_hover{background:transparent url("//files.jb51.net/file_images/article/201508/2015811145849095.gif") no-repeat 0 -88px;color:#000}
#age_sel_2 ul.tag_options li.open_selected{background:transparent url("//files.jb51.net/file_images/article/201508/2015811145849095.gif") no-repeat 0 -66px;color:#19555F}
</style>
<script>
var selects = document.getElementsByTagName('select');
var isIE = (document.all && window.ActiveXObject && !window.opera) ? true : false;
function $(id) {
 return document.getElementById(id);
}
function stopBubbling (ev) { 
 ev.stopPropagation();
}
function rSelects() {
 for (i=0;i<selects.length;i++){
 selects[i].style.display = 'none';
 select_tag = document.createElement('div');
  select_tag.id = 'select_' + selects[i].name;
  select_tag.className = 'select_box';
 selects[i].parentNode.insertBefore(select_tag,selects[i]);
 select_info = document.createElement('div'); 
  select_info.id = 'select_info_' + selects[i].name;
  select_info.className='tag_select';
  select_info.style.cursor='pointer';
 select_tag.appendChild(select_info);
 select_ul = document.createElement('ul'); 
  select_ul.id = 'options_' + selects[i].name;
  select_ul.className = 'tag_options';
  select_ul.style.position='absolute';
  select_ul.style.display='none';
  select_ul.style.zIndex='999';
 select_tag.appendChild(select_ul);
 rOptions(i,selects[i].name);
 mouseSelects(selects[i].name);
 if (isIE){
  selects[i].onclick = new Function("clickLabels3('"+selects[i].name+"');window.event.cancelBubble = true;");
 }
 else if(!isIE){
  selects[i].onclick = new Function("clickLabels3('"+selects[i].name+"')");
  selects[i].addEventListener("click", stopBubbling, false);
 } 
 }
}
function rOptions(i, name) {
 var options = selects[i].getElementsByTagName('option');
 var options_ul = 'options_' + name;
 for (n=0;n<selects[i].options.length;n++){ 
 option_li = document.createElement('li');
  option_li.style.cursor='pointer';
  option_li.className='open';
 $(options_ul).appendChild(option_li);
 option_text = document.createTextNode(selects[i].options[n].text);
 option_li.appendChild(option_text);
 option_selected = selects[i].options[n].selected;
 if(option_selected){
  option_li.className='open_selected';
  option_li.id='selected_' + name;
  $('select_info_' + name).appendChild(document.createTextNode(option_li.innerHTML));
 }
 option_li.onmouseover = function(){ this.className='open_hover';}
 option_li.onmouseout = function(){
  if(this.id=='selected_' + name){
  this.className='open_selected';
  }
  else {
  this.className='open';
  }
 } 
 option_li.onclick = new Function("clickOptions("+i+","+n+",'"+selects[i].name+"')");
 }
}
function mouseSelects(name){
 var sincn = 'select_info_' + name;
 $(sincn).onmouseover = function(){ if(this.className=='tag_select') this.className='tag_select_hover'; }
 $(sincn).onmouseout = function(){ if(this.className=='tag_select_hover') this.className='tag_select'; }
 if (isIE){
 $(sincn).onclick = new Function("clickSelects('"+name+"');window.event.cancelBubble = true;");
 }
 else if(!isIE){
 $(sincn).onclick = new Function("clickSelects('"+name+"');");
 $('select_info_' +name).addEventListener("click", stopBubbling, false);
 }
}
function clickSelects(name){
 var sincn = 'select_info_' + name;
 var sinul = 'options_' + name; 
 for (i=0;i<selects.length;i++){ 
 if(selects[i].name == name){  
  if( $(sincn).className =='tag_select_hover'){
  $(sincn).className ='tag_select_open';
  $(sinul).style.display = '';
  }
  else if( $(sincn).className =='tag_select_open'){
  $(sincn).className = 'tag_select_hover';
  $(sinul).style.display = 'none';
  }
 }
 else{
  $('select_info_' + selects[i].name).className = 'tag_select';
  $('options_' + selects[i].name).style.display = 'none';
 }
 }
}
function clickOptions(i, n, name){ 
 var li = $('options_' + name).getElementsByTagName('li');
 $('selected_' + name).className='open';
 $('selected_' + name).id='';
 li[n].id='selected_' + name;
 li[n].className='open_hover';
 $('select_' + name).removeChild($('select_info_' + name));
 select_info = document.createElement('div');
 select_info.id = 'select_info_' + name;
 select_info.className='tag_select';
 select_info.style.cursor='pointer';
 $('options_' + name).parentNode.insertBefore(select_info,$('options_' + name));
 mouseSelects(name);
 $('select_info_' + name).appendChild(document.createTextNode(li[n].innerHTML));
 $( 'options_' + name ).style.display = 'none' ;
 $( 'select_info_' + name ).className = 'tag_select';
 selects[i].options[n].selected = 'selected';
}
window.onload = function(e) {
 bodyclick = document.getElementsByTagName('body').item(0);
 rSelects();
 bodyclick.onclick = function(){
 for (i=0;i<selects.length;i++){ 
  $('select_info_' + selects[i].name).className = 'tag_select';
  $('options_' + selects[i].name).style.display = 'none';
 }
 }
}</script>
</head>
<body>
<div class="center">
<div id="age_sel_2">
 <select name="area_selet2" id="area_select2">
  <option value="请选择">请选择</option>
  <option value="ASP" >ASP</option>
  <option value="PHP" >PHP</option>
  <option value=".NET" >.NET</option>
  <option value="Csharp" >Csharp</option>
  <option value="Delphi" >Delphi</option>
  <option value="Java" >Java</option>
 </select>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

希望本文所述对大家的javascript程序设计有所帮助。

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