使用forfiles命令批量删除N天前文件

转载  更新时间:2016年11月12日 23:13:28   作者:潇湘隐者   我要评论

这篇文章主要介绍了使用forfiles命令批量删除N天前文件,因为最近备份的文件都是保存一个月的就可以了,所以就需要删除30天以前的文件,服务器上软件不太信任,用bat挺方便的,需要的朋友可以参考下

在整理手上几台SQL SERVER 2000的数据库备份时,一方面为了方便快速还原数据库,另外一方面为了备份冗余、备份方式统一(先备份到本地,然后收上磁带),将以前通过Symantec Backup Exec直接备份上带的作业改成了如下方式:
    Step 1: 通过数据库维护计划将备份生成在本地磁盘M,完整备份保留2天,事务日志备份保留3天

            M:\DB_BACKUP\FULL_BACKUP
            M:\DB_BACKUP\LOG_BACKUP

    Step 2:  备份完成后通过Symantec Backup Exec将备份文件收上磁带。
但是发现即使SQL SERVER 2000的数据库维护计划设置了删除几天前的备份文件,但是发现根本没有删除过期备份。于是只好使用dos命令来处理。刚开始想用forfiles命令,结果我搜索的时候,发现Windows 2000下没有forfiles命令,后来通过从第三方复制过来,发现Windows 2000下也可以使用forfiles(如果不借助于forfiles命令,直接用批处理命令完成这个,那简直痛苦死了)
关于forfiles命令的语法如下所示
 
C:\>forfiles /?
FORFILES [/P pathname] [/M searchmask] [/S]
         [/C command] [/D [+ | -] {yyyy-MM-dd | dd}]
Description:
    Selects a file (or set of files) and executes a
    command on that file. This is helpful for batch jobs.
Parameter List:
    /P    pathname      Indicates the path to start searching.
                        The default folder is the current working
                        directory (.).
    /M    searchmask    Searches files according to a searchmask.
                        The default searchmask is '*' .
    /S                  Instructs forfiles to recurse into
                        subdirectories. Like "DIR /S".
    /C    command       Indicates the command to execute for each file.
                        Command strings should be wrapped in double
                        quotes.
                        The default command is "cmd /c echo @file".
                        The following variables can be used in the
                        command string:
                        @file    - returns the name of the file.
                        @fname   - returns the file name without
                                   extension.
                        @ext     - returns only the extension of the
                                   file.
                        @path    - returns the full path of the file.
                        @relpath - returns the relative path of the
                                   file.
                        @isdir   - returns "TRUE" if a file type is
                                   a directory, and "FALSE" for files.
                        @fsize   - returns the size of the file in
                                   bytes.
                        @fdate   - returns the last modified date of the
                                   file.
                        @ftime   - returns the last modified time of the
                                   file.
                        To include special characters in the command
                        line, use the hexadecimal code for the character
                        in 0xHH format (ex. 0x09 for tab). Internal
                        CMD.exe commands should be preceded with
                        "cmd /c".
    /D    date          Selects files with a last modified date greater
                        than or equal to (+), or less than or equal to
                        (-), the specified date using the
                        "yyyy-MM-dd" format; or selects files with a
                        last modified date greater than or equal to (+)
                        the current date plus "dd" days, or less than or
                        equal to (-) the current date minus "dd" days. A
                        valid "dd" number of days can be any number in
                        the range of 0 - 32768.
                        "+" is taken as default sign if not specified.
    /?                  Displays this help message.

Examples:

    FORFILES /?
    FORFILES
    FORFILES /P C:\WINDOWS /S /M DNS*.*
    FORFILES /S /M *.txt /C "cmd /c type @file | more"
    FORFILES /P C:\ /S /M *.bat
    FORFILES /D -30 /M *.exe
             /C "cmd /c echo @path 0x09 was changed 30 days ago"
    FORFILES /D 2001-01-01
             /C "cmd /c echo @fname is new since Jan 1st 2001"
    FORFILES /D +2014-12-15 /C "cmd /c echo @fname is new today"
    FORFILES /M *.exe /D +1
    FORFILES /S /M *.doc /C "cmd /c echo @fsize"
    FORFILES /M *.txt /C "cmd /c if @isdir==FALSE notepad.exe @file"
 
对应的中文提示信息如下所示:

语法
forfiles [/p Path ] [/m SearchMask ] [/s ] [/c Command ] [/d [{+ | - }] [{MM / DD / YYYY | DD }]]
参数
/p Path
指定Path ,表明要从哪里开始搜索。默认的文件夹是当前工作目录,该目录通过键入句号(.) 指定。
/m SearchMask
按照SearchMask 搜索文件。默认的SearchMask 是*.* 。
/s
指示forfiles 在子目录中搜索。
/c Command
在每个文件上运行指定的Command 。带有空格的命令字符串必须用引号括起来。默认的Command 是"cmd /c echo @file" 。
/d [{+ | - }] [{MM / DD / YYYY | DD }]
选择日期大于或等于(+ )(或者小于或等于(- ))指定日期的文件,其中MM / DD / YYYY 是指定的日期,DD 是当前日期减去DD 天。如果未指定+ 或- ,则使用+ 。DD 的有效范围是0 - 32768。
/?
在命令提示符下显示帮助。
如下所示,由于Windows Server 2000下拷贝过来的forfiles命令的版本是V 1.1,使用参数必须为-p、-c、-m 而且参数后面不能有空格。

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如下所示,delete_old_backup.bat 删除2天前的完整备份、事务日志备份、以及维护计划生成的日志文件。

echo --------------------------------------------- >>delete_old_backup.log 
 
echo Delete the backup log start at %Date% - %time% >>delete_old_backup.log 
 
rem Delete days. 
 
set DaysAgo=2 
 
rem delete old backup log files. 
 
set LogPath=M:\DB_BACKUP\ 
 
forfiles -p%LogPath% -m*.txt -d-%DaysAgo% -c"cmd /c del /q @FILE" >> delete_old_backup.log 
 
echo Delete the backup log Stop at %Date% - %time% >>delete_old_backup.log 
 
echo Delete the full backup start at %Date% - %time% >>delete_old_backup.log 
 
set FullBackupPath=M:\DB_BACKUP\FULL_BACKUP 
 
forfiles -p%FullBackupPath% -m*.bak -d-%DaysAgo% -c"cmd /c del /q @FILE" >> delete_old_backup.log 
 
echo Delete the full backup Stop at %Date% - %time% >>delete_old_backup.log 
 
echo Delete the log backup start at %Date% - %time% >>delete_old_backup.log 
 
set LogBackupPath=M:\DB_BACKUP\LOG_BACKUP 
 
forfiles -p%LogBackupPath% -m*.TRN -d-%DaysAgo% -c"cmd /c del /q @FILE" >> delete_old_backup.log 
 
echo Delete the log backup Stop at %Date% - %time% >>delete_old_backup.log 
 
echo --------------------------------------------- >>delete_old_backup.log

脚本编写、测试成功后,然后设置Task Schedule,大体步骤如下步骤所示:

Step 1:在控制面板找到任务计划,执行任务计划向导:

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Step 2: 点击“浏览”按钮,选择M:\DB_BACKUP\delete_old_backup.bat文件

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Step 3:输入任务的名称,以及执行任务的Schedule

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Step 4:设置任务执行的时间以及频率

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Step 5:输入知晓计划任务的账号以及密码

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Step 6:完成任务计划设置。

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上面的bat主要是支持参数与日志的现实,确实不错,其实核心代码就是这样的

forfiles /p "c:\backup" /d -10 /c "cmd /c echo deleting @file ... && del /f @path"

测试前最好备份一下数据

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