详解免费高效实用的.NET操作Excel组件NPOI(.NET组件介绍之六)

 更新时间:2016年12月12日 11:24:06   转载 作者:彭泽0902  
这篇文章主要介绍了详解免费高效实用的.NET操作Excel组件NPOI(.NET组件介绍之六),具有一定的参考价值,有兴趣的可以了解一下。

很多的软件项目几乎都包含着对文档的操作,前面已经介绍过两款操作文档的组件,现在介绍一款文档操作的组件NPOI。

NPOI可以生成没有安装在您的服务器上的Microsoft Office套件的Excel报表,并且在后台调用Microsoft Excel ActiveX更有效率;从Office文档中提取文本,以帮助您实现全文索引功能(大多数时候,此功能用于创建搜索引擎); 从Office文档提取图像; 生成包含公式的Excel工作表。

 一.NPOI组件概述:

NPOI是完全免费使用; 涵盖Excel的大多数功能(单元格样式,数据格式,公式等);支持xls,xlsx,docx;设计为面向接口(看看NPOI.SS命名空间);支持不仅导出而且导入; .Net 2.0甚至为xlsx和docx(虽然我们也支持.NET 4.0); 来自世界各地的成功案例;巨大的基本例子;对隔离存储没有依赖。

 以上是NPOI的优点,其他一些优点可以不用太在意,估计很多人对“支持xls,xlsx,docx”这一特点感觉有些惊讶,因为在很多人的印象里面NPOI就是对Excel进行相关的操作,但是在这里突然看到了对docx也可以操作,这一特点可能让很多人感到欣喜,因为NPOI的的确确是一个很不错的组件,用过的人都说好,我也不例外。

NPOI的运行要求:VS2010与.NET 4.0运行时;VS2005或VS2008与.NET 2.0运行时(SP1);vs2003与.NET 1.1;Mono;ASP.NET中的中等信任环境。

二.NPOI核心类和方法解析:

以上是对NPOI的相关背景和使用环境做了一个简单的介绍,接下来我具体的看一下NPOI的一些核心类和方法,由于下载的是DLL文件,还是采用.NET Reflector对DLL文件进行反编译,以此查看源代码。

如果需要具体的了解NPOI可以直接访问:http://npoi.codeplex.com/SourceControl/latest,提供了NPOI的源码和一些demo,由于本溪介绍的重点是NPOI对Excel的操作,所以下面的类和实例主要是对操作Excel的介绍,如果需要对docx的操作,可以具体查看相应的类demo。

1.XSSFWorkbook类CreateSheet():创建表。

public ISheet CreateSheet(string sheetname)
{
  if (sheetname == null)
  {
    throw new ArgumentException("sheetName must not be null");
  }
  if (this.ContainsSheet(sheetname, this.sheets.Count))
  {
    throw new ArgumentException("The workbook already contains a sheet of this name");
  }
  if (sheetname.Length > 0x1f)
  {
    sheetname = sheetname.Substring(0, 0x1f);
  }
  WorkbookUtil.ValidateSheetName(sheetname);
  CT_Sheet sheet = this.AddSheet(sheetname);
  int index = 1;
  foreach (XSSFSheet sheet2 in this.sheets)
  {
    index = (int) Math.Max((long) (sheet2.sheet.sheetId + 1), (long) index);
  }
Label_0099:
  foreach (XSSFSheet sheet3 in this.sheets)
  {
    index = (int) Math.Max((long) (sheet3.sheet.sheetId + 1), (long) index);
  }
  string fileName = XSSFRelation.WORKSHEET.GetFileName(index);
  foreach (POIXMLDocumentPart part in base.GetRelations())
  {
    if ((part.GetPackagePart() != null) && fileName.Equals(part.GetPackagePart().PartName.Name))
    {
      index++;
      goto Label_0099;
    }
  }
  XSSFSheet item = (XSSFSheet) base.CreateRelationship(XSSFRelation.WORKSHEET, XSSFFactory.GetInstance(), index);
  item.sheet = sheet;
  sheet.id = item.GetPackageRelationship().Id;
  sheet.sheetId = (uint) index;
  if (this.sheets.Count == 0)
  {
    item.IsSelected = true;
  }
  this.sheets.Add(item);
  return item;
}

2.XSSFSheet类Write():将文件流写入到excel。
 

 internal virtual void Write(Stream stream)
{
  bool flag = false;
  if (this.worksheet.sizeOfColsArray() == 1)
  {
    CT_Cols colsArray = this.worksheet.GetColsArray(0);
    if (colsArray.sizeOfColArray() == 0)
    {
      flag = true;
      this.worksheet.SetColsArray(null);
    }
    else
    {
      this.SetColWidthAttribute(colsArray);
    }
  }
  if (this.hyperlinks.Count > 0)
  {
    if (this.worksheet.hyperlinks == null)
    {
      this.worksheet.AddNewHyperlinks();
    }
    CT_Hyperlink[] array = new CT_Hyperlink[this.hyperlinks.Count];
    for (int i = 0; i < array.Length; i++)
    {
      XSSFHyperlink hyperlink = this.hyperlinks[i];
      hyperlink.GenerateRelationIfNeeded(base.GetPackagePart());
      array[i] = hyperlink.GetCTHyperlink();
    }
    this.worksheet.hyperlinks.SetHyperlinkArray(array);
  }
  foreach (XSSFRow row in this._rows.Values)
  {
    row.OnDocumentWrite();
  }
  Dictionary<string, string> dictionary = new Dictionary<string, string>();
  dictionary[ST_RelationshipId.NamespaceURI] = "r";
  new WorksheetDocument(this.worksheet).Save(stream);
  if (flag)
  {
    this.worksheet.AddNewCols();
  }
}

3.XSSFSheet类CreateRow():创建行。

 public virtual IRow CreateRow(int rownum)
{
  CT_Row cTRow;
  XSSFRow row2 = this._rows.ContainsKey(rownum) ? this._rows[rownum] : null;
  if (row2 != null)
  {
    cTRow = row2.GetCTRow();
    cTRow.Set(new CT_Row());
  }
  else if ((this._rows.Count == 0) || (rownum > this.GetLastKey(this._rows.Keys)))
  {
    cTRow = this.worksheet.sheetData.AddNewRow();
  }
  else
  {
    int count = this.HeadMap(this._rows, rownum).Count;
    cTRow = this.worksheet.sheetData.InsertNewRow(count);
  }
  XSSFRow row3 = new XSSFRow(cTRow, this) {
    RowNum = rownum
  };
  this._rows[rownum] = row3;
  return row3;
}

4.XSSFWorkbook类GetSheet:获取表。

 public ISheet GetSheet(string name)
{
  foreach (XSSFSheet sheet in this.sheets)
  {
    if (name.Equals(sheet.SheetName, StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase))
    {
      return sheet;
    }
  }
  return null;
}

5.WorkbookFactory类:

 public class PropertySetFactory
 {
  public static PropertySet Create(DirectoryEntry dir, string name);
  public static PropertySet Create(Stream stream);
  public static SummaryInformation CreateSummaryInformation();
  public static DocumentSummaryInformation CreateDocumentSummaryInformation();
 }

6.DocumentSummaryInformation:

 [Serializable]
public class DocumentSummaryInformation : SpecialPropertySet
{
  // Fields
  public const string DEFAULT_STREAM_NAME = "\x0005DocumentSummaryInformation";

  // Methods
  public DocumentSummaryInformation(PropertySet ps);
  private void EnsureSection2();
  public void RemoveByteCount();
  public void RemoveCategory();
  public void RemoveCompany();
  public void RemoveCustomProperties();
  public void RemoveDocparts();
  public void RemoveHeadingPair();
  public void RemoveHiddenCount();
  public void RemoveLineCount();
  public void RemoveLinksDirty();
  public void RemoveManager();
  public void RemoveMMClipCount();
  public void RemoveNoteCount();
  public void RemoveParCount();
  public void RemovePresentationFormat();
  public void RemoveScale();
  public void RemoveSlideCount();

  // Properties
  public int ByteCount { get; set; }
  public string Category { get; set; }
  public string Company { get; set; }
  public CustomProperties CustomProperties { get; set; }
  public byte[] Docparts { get; set; }
  public byte[] HeadingPair { get; set; }
  public int HiddenCount { get; set; }
  public int LineCount { get; set; }
  public bool LinksDirty { get; set; }
  public string Manager { get; set; }
  public int MMClipCount { get; set; }
  public int NoteCount { get; set; }
  public int ParCount { get; set; }
  public string PresentationFormat { get; set; }
  public override PropertyIDMap PropertySetIDMap { get; }
  public bool Scale { get; set; }
  public int SlideCount { get; set; }
}

具体方法:

private void EnsureSection2()
{
  if (this.SectionCount < 2)
  {
    MutableSection section = new MutableSection();
    section.SetFormatID(SectionIDMap.DOCUMENT_SUMMARY_INFORMATION_ID2);
    this.AddSection(section);
  }
}

以上只是对部分的类和方法做了简单的说明,需要了解更多的内容,可以进入官网下载源码,或者使用软件查看DLL文件。

三.NPOI操作实例:

1.枚举(Excel单元格数据类型):

  /// <summary>
  /// 枚举(Excel单元格数据类型)
  /// </summary>
  public enum NpoiDataType
  {
    /// <summary>
    /// 字符串类型-值为1
    /// </summary>
    String,
    /// <summary>
    /// 布尔类型-值为2
    /// </summary>
    Bool,
    /// <summary>
    /// 时间类型-值为3
    /// </summary>
    Datetime,
    /// <summary>
    /// 数字类型-值为4
    /// </summary>
    Numeric,
    /// <summary>
    /// 复杂文本类型-值为5
    /// </summary>
    Richtext,
    /// <summary>
    /// 空白
    /// </summary>
    Blank,
    /// <summary>
    /// 错误
    /// </summary>
    Error
  }

2. 将DataTable数据导入到excel中:

    

 /// <summary>
    /// 将DataTable数据导入到excel中
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="data">要导入的数据</param>
    /// <param name="isColumnWritten">DataTable的列名是否要导入</param>
    /// <param name="sheetName">要导入的excel的sheet的名称</param>
    /// <param name="fileName">文件夹路径</param>
    /// <returns>导入数据行数(包含列名那一行)</returns>
    public static int DataTableToExcel(DataTable data, string sheetName, bool isColumnWritten, string fileName)
    {
      if (data == null)
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException("data");
      }
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sheetName))
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException(sheetName);
      }
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(fileName))
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException(fileName);
      }
      IWorkbook workbook = null;
      if (fileName.IndexOf(".xlsx", StringComparison.Ordinal) > 0)
      {
        workbook = new XSSFWorkbook();
      }        
      else if (fileName.IndexOf(".xls", StringComparison.Ordinal) > 0)
      {
        workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();
      }

      FileStream fs = null;
      try
      {
        fs = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.ReadWrite);
        ISheet sheet;
        if (workbook != null)
        {
          sheet = workbook.CreateSheet(sheetName);
        }
        else
        {
          return -1;
        }

        int j;
        int count;
        //写入DataTable的列名,写入单元格中
        if (isColumnWritten)
        {
          var row = sheet.CreateRow(0);
          for (j = 0; j < data.Columns.Count; ++j)
          {
            row.CreateCell(j).SetCellValue(data.Columns[j].ColumnName);
          }
          count = 1;
        }
        else
        {
          count = 0;
        }
        //遍历循环datatable具体数据项
        int i;
        for (i = 0; i < data.Rows.Count; ++i)
        {
          var row = sheet.CreateRow(count);
          for (j = 0; j < data.Columns.Count; ++j)
          {
            row.CreateCell(j).SetCellValue(data.Rows[i][j].ToString());
          }
          ++count;
        }
        //将文件流写入到excel
        workbook.Write(fs);
        return count;
      }
      catch (IOException ioex)
      {
        throw new IOException(ioex.Message);
      }
      catch (Exception ex)
      {
        throw new Exception(ex.Message);
      }
      finally
      {
        if (fs != null)
        {
          fs.Close();
        }
      }
    }

3.将excel中的数据导入到DataTable中:

  /// <summary>
    /// 将excel中的数据导入到DataTable中
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="sheetName">excel工作薄sheet的名称</param>
    /// <param name="isFirstRowColumn">第一行是否是DataTable的列名</param>
    /// <param name="fileName">文件路径</param>
    /// <returns>返回的DataTable</returns>
    public static DataTable ExcelToDataTable(string sheetName, bool isFirstRowColumn, string fileName)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sheetName))
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException(sheetName);
      }
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(fileName))
      {
        throw new ArgumentNullException(fileName);
      }
      var data = new DataTable();
      IWorkbook workbook = null;
      FileStream fs = null;
      try
      {
        fs = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
        if (fileName.IndexOf(".xlsx", StringComparison.Ordinal) > 0)
        {
          workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(fs);
        }
        else if (fileName.IndexOf(".xls", StringComparison.Ordinal) > 0)
        {
          workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);
        }

        ISheet sheet = null;
        if (workbook != null)
        {
          //如果没有找到指定的sheetName对应的sheet,则尝试获取第一个sheet
          sheet = workbook.GetSheet(sheetName) ?? workbook.GetSheetAt(0);
        }
        if (sheet == null) return data;
        var firstRow = sheet.GetRow(0);
        //一行最后一个cell的编号 即总的列数
        int cellCount = firstRow.LastCellNum;
        int startRow;
        if (isFirstRowColumn)
        {
          for (int i = firstRow.FirstCellNum; i < cellCount; ++i)
          {
            var cell = firstRow.GetCell(i);
            var cellValue = cell.StringCellValue;
            if (cellValue == null) continue;
            var column = new DataColumn(cellValue);
            data.Columns.Add(column);
          }
          startRow = sheet.FirstRowNum + 1;
        }
        else
        {
          startRow = sheet.FirstRowNum;
        }
        //最后一列的标号
        var rowCount = sheet.LastRowNum;
        for (var i = startRow; i <= rowCount; ++i)
        {
          var row = sheet.GetRow(i);
          //没有数据的行默认是null
          if (row == null) continue;
          var dataRow = data.NewRow();
          for (int j = row.FirstCellNum; j < cellCount; ++j)
          {
            //同理,没有数据的单元格都默认是null
            if (row.GetCell(j) != null)
              dataRow[j] = row.GetCell(j).ToString();
          }
          data.Rows.Add(dataRow);
        }

        return data;
      }
      catch (IOException ioex)
      {
        throw new IOException(ioex.Message);
      }
      catch (Exception ex)
      {
        throw new Exception(ex.Message);
      }
      finally
      {
        if (fs != null)
        {
          fs.Close();
        }
      }
    }

4.读取Excel文件内容转换为DataSet:

  /// <summary>
    /// 读取Excel文件内容转换为DataSet,列名依次为 "c0"……c[columnlength-1]
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="fileName">文件绝对路径</param>
    /// <param name="startRow">数据开始行数(1为第一行)</param>
    /// <param name="columnDataType">每列的数据类型</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static DataSet ReadExcel(string fileName, int startRow, params NpoiDataType[] columnDataType)
    {
      var ds = new DataSet("ds");
      var dt = new DataTable("dt");
      var sb = new StringBuilder();
      using (var stream = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
      {
        //使用接口,自动识别excel2003/2007格式
        var workbook = WorkbookFactory.Create(stream);
        //得到里面第一个sheet
        var sheet = workbook.GetSheetAt(0);
        int j;
        IRow row;
        //ColumnDataType赋值
        if (columnDataType.Length <= 0)
        {
          //得到第i行
          row = sheet.GetRow(startRow - 1);
          columnDataType = new NpoiDataType[row.LastCellNum];
          for (var i = 0; i < row.LastCellNum; i++)
          {
            var hs = row.GetCell(i);
            columnDataType[i] = GetCellDataType(hs);
          }
        }
        for (j = 0; j < columnDataType.Length; j++)
        {
          var tp = GetDataTableType(columnDataType[j]);
          dt.Columns.Add("c" + j, tp);
        }
        for (var i = startRow - 1; i <= sheet.PhysicalNumberOfRows; i++)
        {
          //得到第i行
          row = sheet.GetRow(i);
          if (row == null) continue;
          try
          {
            var dr = dt.NewRow();

            for (j = 0; j < columnDataType.Length; j++)
            {
              dr["c" + j] = GetCellData(columnDataType[j], row, j);
            }
            dt.Rows.Add(dr);
          }
          catch (Exception er)
          {
            sb.Append(string.Format("第{0}行出错:{1}\r\n", i + 1, er.Message));
          }
        }
        ds.Tables.Add(dt);
      }
      if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count == 0 && sb.ToString() != "") throw new Exception(sb.ToString());
      return ds;
    }

5.从DataSet导出到2003:

  /// <summary>
    /// 从DataSet导出到MemoryStream流2003
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="saveFileName">文件保存路径</param>
    /// <param name="sheetName">Excel文件中的Sheet名称</param>
    /// <param name="ds">存储数据的DataSet</param>
    /// <param name="startRow">从哪一行开始写入,从0开始</param>
    /// <param name="datatypes">DataSet中的各列对应的数据类型</param>
    public static bool CreateExcel2003(string saveFileName, string sheetName, DataSet ds, int startRow, params NpoiDataType[] datatypes)
    {
      try
      {
        if (startRow < 0) startRow = 0;
        var wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
        var dsi = PropertySetFactory.CreateDocumentSummaryInformation();
        dsi.Company = "pkm";
        var si = PropertySetFactory.CreateSummaryInformation();
        si.Title =
        si.Subject = "automatic genereted document";
        si.Author = "pkm";
        wb.DocumentSummaryInformation = dsi;
        wb.SummaryInformation = si;
        var sheet = wb.CreateSheet(sheetName);
        //sheet.SetColumnWidth(0, 50 * 256);
        //sheet.SetColumnWidth(1, 100 * 256);
        ICell cell;
        int j;
        var maxLength = 0;
        var curLength = 0;
        object columnValue;
        var dt = ds.Tables[0];
        if (datatypes.Length < dt.Columns.Count)
        {
          datatypes = new NpoiDataType[dt.Columns.Count];
          for (var i = 0; i < dt.Columns.Count; i++)
          {
            var dtcolumntype = dt.Columns[i].DataType.Name.ToLower();
            switch (dtcolumntype)
            {
              case "string":
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.String;
                break;
              case "datetime":
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.Datetime;
                break;
              case "boolean":
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.Bool;
                break;
              case "double":
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.Numeric;
                break;
              default:
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.String;
                break;
            }
          }
        }

        // 创建表头
        var row = sheet.CreateRow(0);
        //样式
        var style1 = wb.CreateCellStyle();
        //字体
        var font1 = wb.CreateFont();
        //字体颜色
        font1.Color = HSSFColor.White.Index;
        //字体加粗样式
        font1.Boldweight = (short)FontBoldWeight.Bold;
        //style1.FillBackgroundColor = HSSFColor.WHITE.index;                              
        style1.FillForegroundColor = HSSFColor.Green.Index;
        //GetXLColour(wb, LevelOneColor);// 设置图案色
        //GetXLColour(wb, LevelOneColor);// 设置背景色
        style1.FillPattern = FillPattern.SolidForeground;
        //样式里的字体设置具体的字体样式
        style1.SetFont(font1);
        //文字水平对齐方式
        style1.Alignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
        //文字垂直对齐方式
        style1.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Center;
        row.HeightInPoints = 25;
        for (j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
        {
          columnValue = dt.Columns[j].ColumnName;
          curLength = Encoding.Default.GetByteCount(columnValue.ToString());
          maxLength = (maxLength < curLength ? curLength : maxLength);
          var colounwidth = 256 * maxLength;
          sheet.SetColumnWidth(j, colounwidth);
          try
          {
            //创建第0行的第j列
            cell = row.CreateCell(j);
            //单元格式设置样式
            cell.CellStyle = style1;

            try
            {
              cell.SetCellType(CellType.String);
              cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
              throw new Exception(ex.Message);
            }

          }
          catch (Exception ex)
          {
            throw new Exception(ex.Message);
          }
        }
        // 创建每一行
        for (var i = startRow; i < ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count; i++)
        {
          var dr = ds.Tables[0].Rows[i];
          //创建第i行
          row = sheet.CreateRow(i + 1);
          for (j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
          {
            columnValue = dr[j];
            curLength = Encoding.Default.GetByteCount(columnValue.ToString());
            maxLength = (maxLength < curLength ? curLength : maxLength);
            var colounwidth = 256 * maxLength;
            sheet.SetColumnWidth(j, colounwidth);
            try
            {
              //创建第i行的第j列
              cell = row.CreateCell(j);
              // 插入第j列的数据
              try
              {
                var dtype = datatypes[j];
                switch (dtype)
                {
                  case NpoiDataType.String:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellType(CellType.Numeric);
                      cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
                    }
                    break;
                  case NpoiDataType.Datetime:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellType(CellType.Numeric);
                      cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
                    }
                    break;
                  case NpoiDataType.Numeric:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellType(CellType.Numeric);
                      cell.SetCellValue(Convert.ToDouble(columnValue));
                    }
                    break;
                  case NpoiDataType.Bool:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellType(CellType.Numeric);
                      cell.SetCellValue(Convert.ToBoolean(columnValue));
                    }
                    break;
                  case NpoiDataType.Richtext:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellType(CellType.Numeric);
                      cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
                    }
                    break;
                }
              }
              catch (Exception ex)
              {
                cell.SetCellType(CellType.Numeric);
                cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
                throw new Exception(ex.Message);
              }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
              throw new Exception(ex.Message);
            }
          }
        }
        //生成文件在服务器上
        using (var fs = new FileStream(saveFileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write))
        {
          wb.Write(fs);
        }

        return true;
      }
      catch (Exception er)
      {
        throw new Exception(er.Message);
      }

    }

 6.从DataSet导出到MemoryStream流2007:

/// <summary>
    /// 从DataSet导出到MemoryStream流2007
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="saveFileName">文件保存路径</param>
    /// <param name="sheetName">Excel文件中的Sheet名称</param>
    /// <param name="ds">存储数据的DataSet</param>
    /// <param name="startRow">从哪一行开始写入,从0开始</param>
    /// <param name="datatypes">DataSet中的各列对应的数据类型</param>
    public static bool CreateExcel2007(string saveFileName, string sheetName, DataSet ds, int startRow, params NpoiDataType[] datatypes)
    {
      try
      {
        if (startRow < 0) startRow = 0;
        var wb = new XSSFWorkbook();
        var sheet = wb.CreateSheet(sheetName);
        ICell cell;
        int j;
        var maxLength = 0;
        int curLength;
        object columnValue;
        var dt = ds.Tables[0];
        if (datatypes.Length < dt.Columns.Count)
        {
          datatypes = new NpoiDataType[dt.Columns.Count];
          for (var i = 0; i < dt.Columns.Count; i++)
          {
            var dtcolumntype = dt.Columns[i].DataType.Name.ToLower();
            switch (dtcolumntype)
            {
              case "string":
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.String;
                break;
              case "datetime":
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.Datetime;
                break;
              case "boolean":
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.Bool;
                break;
              case "double":
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.Numeric;
                break;
              default:
                datatypes[i] = NpoiDataType.String;
                break;
            }
          }
        }
        //创建表头
        var row = sheet.CreateRow(0);
        //样式
        var style1 = wb.CreateCellStyle();
        //字体
        var font1 = wb.CreateFont();
        //字体颜色
        font1.Color = HSSFColor.White.Index;
        //字体加粗样式
        font1.Boldweight = (short)FontBoldWeight.Bold;
        //style1.FillBackgroundColor = HSSFColor.WHITE.index;
        //GetXLColour(wb, LevelOneColor);
        // 设置图案色
        style1.FillForegroundColor = HSSFColor.Green.Index;
        //GetXLColour(wb, LevelOneColor);// 设置背景色
        style1.FillPattern = FillPattern.SolidForeground;
        //样式里的字体设置具体的字体样式
        style1.SetFont(font1);
        //文字水平对齐方式
        style1.Alignment = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
        //文字垂直对齐方式
        style1.VerticalAlignment = VerticalAlignment.Center;
        row.HeightInPoints = 25;
        for (j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
        {
          columnValue = dt.Columns[j].ColumnName;
          curLength = Encoding.Default.GetByteCount(columnValue.ToString());
          maxLength = (maxLength < curLength ? curLength : maxLength);
          var colounwidth = 256 * maxLength;
          sheet.SetColumnWidth(j, colounwidth);
          try
          {
            //创建第0行的第j列
            cell = row.CreateCell(j);
            //单元格式设置样式
            cell.CellStyle = style1;

            try
            {
              cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
              throw new Exception(ex.Message);
            }

          }
          catch (Exception ex)
          {
            throw new Exception(ex.Message);
          }
        }
        // 创建每一行
        for (var i = startRow; i < ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count; i++)
        {
          var dr = ds.Tables[0].Rows[i];
          //创建第i行
          row = sheet.CreateRow(i + 1);
          for (j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
          {
            columnValue = dr[j];
            curLength = Encoding.Default.GetByteCount(columnValue.ToString());
            maxLength = (maxLength < curLength ? curLength : maxLength);
            var colounwidth = 256 * maxLength;
            sheet.SetColumnWidth(j, colounwidth);
            try
            {
              //创建第i行的第j列
              cell = row.CreateCell(j);
              // 插入第j列的数据
              try
              {
                var dtype = datatypes[j];
                switch (dtype)
                {
                  case NpoiDataType.String:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
                    }
                    break;
                  case NpoiDataType.Datetime:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
                    }
                    break;
                  case NpoiDataType.Numeric:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellValue(Convert.ToDouble(columnValue));
                    }
                    break;
                  case NpoiDataType.Bool:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellValue(Convert.ToBoolean(columnValue));
                    }
                    break;
                  case NpoiDataType.Richtext:
                    {
                      cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
                    }
                    break;
                }
              }
              catch (Exception ex)
              {
                cell.SetCellValue(columnValue.ToString());
                throw new Exception(ex.Message);
              }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
              throw new Exception(ex.Message);
            }
          }
        }
        //生成文件在服务器上
        using (var fs = new FileStream(saveFileName, FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write))
        {
          wb.Write(fs);
        }
        return true;
      }
      catch (Exception er)
      {
        throw new Exception(er.Message);
      }

    }

   7.读Excel-根据NpoiDataType创建的DataTable列的数据类型:

 /// <summary>
    /// 读Excel-根据NpoiDataType创建的DataTable列的数据类型
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="datatype"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    private static Type GetDataTableType(NpoiDataType datatype)
    {
      var tp = typeof(string);
      switch (datatype)
      {
        case NpoiDataType.Bool:
          tp = typeof(bool);
          break;
        case NpoiDataType.Datetime:
          tp = typeof(DateTime);
          break;
        case NpoiDataType.Numeric:
          tp = typeof(double);
          break;
        case NpoiDataType.Error:
          tp = typeof(string);
          break;
        case NpoiDataType.Blank:
          tp = typeof(string);
          break;
      }
      return tp;
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// 读Excel-得到不同数据类型单元格的数据
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="datatype">数据类型</param>
    /// <param name="row">数据中的一行</param>
    /// <param name="column">哪列</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    private static object GetCellData(NpoiDataType datatype, IRow row, int column)
    {
      switch (datatype)
      {
        case NpoiDataType.String:
          try
          {
            return row.GetCell(column).DateCellValue;
          }
          catch
          {
            try
            {
              return row.GetCell(column).StringCellValue;
            }
            catch
            {
              return row.GetCell(column).NumericCellValue;
            }
          }
        case NpoiDataType.Bool:
          try { return row.GetCell(column).BooleanCellValue; }
          catch { return row.GetCell(column).StringCellValue; }
        case NpoiDataType.Datetime:
          try { return row.GetCell(column).DateCellValue; }
          catch { return row.GetCell(column).StringCellValue; }
        case NpoiDataType.Numeric:
          try { return row.GetCell(column).NumericCellValue; }
          catch { return row.GetCell(column).StringCellValue; }
        case NpoiDataType.Richtext:
          try { return row.GetCell(column).RichStringCellValue; }
          catch { return row.GetCell(column).StringCellValue; }
        case NpoiDataType.Error:
          try { return row.GetCell(column).ErrorCellValue; }
          catch { return row.GetCell(column).StringCellValue; }
        case NpoiDataType.Blank:
          try { return row.GetCell(column).StringCellValue; }
          catch { return ""; }
        default: return "";
      }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// 获取单元格数据类型
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="hs">单元格对象</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    private static NpoiDataType GetCellDataType(ICell hs)
    {
      NpoiDataType dtype;
      DateTime t1;
      var cellvalue = "";

      switch (hs.CellType)
      {
        case CellType.Blank:
          dtype = NpoiDataType.String;
          cellvalue = hs.StringCellValue;
          break;
        case CellType.Boolean:
          dtype = NpoiDataType.Bool;
          break;
        case CellType.Numeric:
          dtype = NpoiDataType.Numeric;
          cellvalue = hs.NumericCellValue.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
          break;
        case CellType.String:
          dtype = NpoiDataType.String;
          cellvalue = hs.StringCellValue;
          break;
        case CellType.Error:
          dtype = NpoiDataType.Error;
          break;
        default:
          dtype = NpoiDataType.Datetime;
          break;
      }
      if (cellvalue != "" && DateTime.TryParse(cellvalue, out t1)) dtype = NpoiDataType.Datetime;
      return dtype;
    }


四.总结:

本文是接着上五篇介绍.NET组件,目的只是在于总结一些组件的用法,将文章作为一个引子,各位读者可以根据文章的介绍更加深入的去了解相关组件。有些地方写的有误,还望多多包涵和指正,欢迎大家给我建议介绍一些你们在项目中经常使用的组件,可以跟大家做一个分享。

相关文章

最新评论