Android 中Notification弹出通知实现代码

 更新时间:2017年08月29日 08:38:46   转载 作者:大魚海棠  
NotificationManager 是状态栏通知的管理类,负责发通知、清除通知等操作。接下来通过本文给大家介绍Android 中Notification弹出通知实现代码,需要的的朋友参考下吧

NotificationManager 是状态栏通知的管理类,负责发通知、清除通知等操作。

NotificationManager 是一个系统Service,可通过getSystemService(NOTIFICATION_SERVICE)方法来获取

接下来我想说的是android5.0 后的弹出通知,

网上的方法是:                       

 //第一步:实例化通知栏构造器Notification.Builder:
           Notification.Builder builder =new Notification.Builder(MainActivity.this);//实例化通知栏构造器Notification.Builder,参数必填(Context类型),为创建实例的上下文
        //第二步:获取状态通知栏管理:
        NotificationManager mNotifyMgr = (NotificationManager) getSystemService(NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);//获取状态栏通知的管理类(负责发通知、清除通知等操作)
        //第三步:设置通知栏PendingIntent(点击动作事件等都包含在这里):
        Intent push =new Intent(MainActivity.this,MainActivity.class);//新建一个显式意图,第一个参数 Context 的解释是用于获得 package name,以便找到第二个参数 Class 的位置
        //PendingIntent可以看做是对Intent的包装,通过名称可以看出PendingIntent用于处理即将发生的意图,而Intent用来用来处理马上发生的意图
        //本程序用来响应点击通知的打开应用,第二个参数非常重要,点击notification 进入到activity, 使用到pendingIntent类方法,PengdingIntent.getActivity()的第二个参数,即请求参数,实际上是通过该参数来区别不同的Intent的,如果id相同,就会覆盖掉之前的Intent了
        PendingIntent contentIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(MainActivity.this,0,push,0);
        //第四步:对Builder进行配置:
        builder
        .setContentTitle("My notification")//标题
        .setContentText("Hello World!")// 详细内容
        .setContentIntent(contentIntent)//设置点击意图
        .setTicker("New message")//第一次推送,角标旁边显示的内容
        .setLargeIcon(BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(),R.drawable.ic_launcher))//设置大图标
        .setDefaults(Notification.DEFAULT_ALL);//打开呼吸灯,声音,震动,触发系统默认行为
        /*Notification.DEFAULT_VIBRATE  //添加默认震动提醒 需要VIBRATE permission
        Notification.DEFAULT_SOUND  //添加默认声音提醒
        Notification.DEFAULT_LIGHTS//添加默认三色灯提醒
        Notification.DEFAULT_ALL//添加默认以上3种全部提醒*/
        //.setLights(Color.YELLOW, 300, 0)//单独设置呼吸灯,一般三种颜色:红,绿,蓝,经测试,小米支持黄色
        //.setSound(url)//单独设置声音
        //.setVibrate(new long[] { 100, 250, 100, 250, 100, 250 })//单独设置震动
        //比较手机sdk版本与Android 5.0 Lollipop的sdk
        if(android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT>= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) {
        builder
        /*android5.0加入了一种新的模式Notification的显示等级,共有三种:
        VISIBILITY_PUBLIC只有在没有锁屏时会显示通知
        VISIBILITY_PRIVATE任何情况都会显示通知
        VISIBILITY_SECRET在安全锁和没有锁屏的情况下显示通知*/
        .setVisibility(Notification.VISIBILITY_PUBLIC)
        .setPriority(Notification.PRIORITY_DEFAULT)//设置该通知优先级
        .setCategory(Notification.CATEGORY_MESSAGE)//设置通知类别
        //.setColor(context.getResources().getColor(R.color.small_icon_bg_color))//设置smallIcon的背景色
        .setFullScreenIntent(contentIntent, true)//将Notification变为悬挂式Notification
        .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_launcher);//设置小图标
        }
        else{
        builder
        .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.ic_launcher);//设置小图标
        }
        //第五步:发送通知请求:
        Notification notify = builder.build();//得到一个Notification对象
        mNotifyMgr.notify(1,notify);//发送通知请求
      }

 但上面的做法并不能在android5.0以下的设备上使通知弹出,因此下面的做法是自己重写Notification(网上查找的一些资料,来源忘记了,不好意思)

    如果需要使通知自动显示,那么就需要我们在接收到通知后重新定义通知的界面,并使其加载显示在Window界面上,这点需要读者了解Window的加载机制.

 其实简单点来说,就是通过windowManager的仅有的三个方法(加载,更新,删除)来实现的.如果有大神熟悉这方面的知识可以分享分享.

   自定义Notification的思路:

  1.继承重写NotificationCompat,Builder来实现类似的Notification

  2.自定义通知界面

  3.自定义NotificationManager,发送显示通知

废话不多说,先上主要代码:

public class HeadsUp  {
  private Context context;
  /**
   * 出现时间 单位是 second
   */
  private long duration= 3;
  /**
   *
   */
  private Notification notification;
  private Builder builder;
  private boolean isSticky=false;
  private boolean activateStatusBar=true;
  private Notification silencerNotification;
  /**
   * 间隔时间
   */
  private int code;
  private CharSequence titleStr;
  private CharSequence msgStr;
  private int icon;
  private View customView;
  private boolean isExpand;
  private HeadsUp(Context context) {
    this.context=context;
  }
  public static class Builder extends NotificationCompat.Builder {
    private HeadsUp headsUp;
    public Builder(Context context) {
      super(context);
      headsUp=new HeadsUp(context);
    }
    public Builder setContentTitle(CharSequence title) {
      headsUp.setTitle(title);
      super.setContentTitle(title);    //状态栏显示内容
      return this;
    }
    public Builder setContentText(CharSequence text) {
      headsUp.setMessage(text);
      super.setContentText(text);
      return this;
    }
    public Builder setSmallIcon(int icon) {
      headsUp.setIcon(icon);
      super.setSmallIcon(icon);
      return this;
    }
    public HeadsUp buildHeadUp(){
      headsUp.setNotification(this.build());
      headsUp.setBuilder(this);
      return headsUp;
    }
    public Builder setSticky(boolean isSticky){
      headsUp.setSticky(isSticky);
      return this;
    }
  }
  public Context getContext() {
    return context;
  }
  public long getDuration() {
    return duration;
  }
  public Notification getNotification() {
    return notification;
  }
  protected void setNotification(Notification notification) {
    this.notification = notification;
  }
  public View getCustomView() {
    return customView;
  }
  public void setCustomView(View customView) {
    this.customView = customView;
  }
  public int getCode() {
    return code;
  }
  protected void setCode(int code) {
    this.code = code;
  }
  protected Builder getBuilder() {
    return builder;
  }
  private void setBuilder(Builder builder) {
    this.builder = builder;
  }
  public boolean isSticky() {
    return isSticky;
  }
  public void setSticky(boolean isSticky) {
    this.isSticky = isSticky;
  }
}
public class HeadsUpManager {
  private WindowManager wmOne;
  private FloatView floatView;
  private Queue<HeadsUp> msgQueue;
  private static HeadsUpManager manager;
  private Context context;
  private boolean isPolling = false;
  private Map<Integer, HeadsUp> map;
  private  NotificationManager notificationManager=null;
  public static HeadsUpManager getInstant(Context c) {
    if (manager == null) {
      manager = new HeadsUpManager(c);
    }
    return manager;
  }
  private HeadsUpManager(Context context) {
    this.context = context;
    map = new HashMap<Integer, HeadsUp>();
    msgQueue = new LinkedList<HeadsUp>();
    wmOne = (WindowManager) context
        .getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
    notificationManager= (NotificationManager) context.getSystemService(Context.NOTIFICATION_SERVICE);
  }
  public void notify(HeadsUp headsUp) {
    if (map.containsKey(headsUp.getCode())) {
      msgQueue.remove(map.get(headsUp.getCode()));
    }
    map.put(headsUp.getCode(), headsUp);
    msgQueue.add(headsUp);
    if (!isPolling) {
      poll();
    }
  }
  public synchronized void notify(int code,HeadsUp headsUp) {
    headsUp.setCode(code);
    notify(headsUp);
  }
  public synchronized void cancel(HeadsUp headsUp) {
    cancel(headsUp.getCode());
  }
  private synchronized void poll() {
    if (!msgQueue.isEmpty()) {
      HeadsUp headsUp = msgQueue.poll();
      map.remove(headsUp.getCode());
//      if ( Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 21 ||  headsUp.getCustomView() != null ){
        isPolling = true;
        show(headsUp);
        System.out.println("自定义notification");
//      }else {
//        //当 系统是 lollipop 以上,并且没有自定义布局以后,调用系统自己的 notification
//        isPolling = false;
//        notificationManager.notify(headsUp.getCode(),headsUp.getBuilder().setSmallIcon(headsUp.getIcon()).build());
//        System.out.println("调用系统notification");
//      }
    } else {
      isPolling = false;
    }
  }
  private void show(HeadsUp headsUp) {
    floatView = new FloatView(context, 20);
    WindowManager.LayoutParams params = FloatView.winParams;
    params.flags = WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_TOUCH_MODAL
        | WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_FOCUSABLE
        |WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN
        | WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_LAYOUT_IN_SCREEN;
    params.type = WindowManager.LayoutParams.TYPE_SYSTEM_ERROR;
    params.width = WindowManager.LayoutParams.MATCH_PARENT;
    params.height = WindowManager.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT;
    params.format = -3;
    params.gravity = Gravity.CENTER | Gravity.TOP;
    params.x = floatView.originalLeft;
    params.y = 10;
    params.alpha = 1f;
    wmOne.addView(floatView, params);
    ObjectAnimator a = ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(floatView.rootView, "translationY", -700, 0);
    a.setDuration(600);
    a.start();
    floatView.setNotification(headsUp);
    if(headsUp.getNotification()!=null){
      notificationManager.notify(headsUp.getCode(), headsUp.getNotification());
    }
  }
  public void cancel(){
    if(floatView !=null && floatView.getParent()!=null) {
      floatView.cancel();
    }
  }
  protected void dismiss() {
    if (floatView.getParent()!=null) {
      wmOne.removeView(floatView);
      floatView.postDelayed(new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
          poll();
        }
      }, 200);
    }
  }
  protected  void animDismiss(){
    if(floatView !=null && floatView.getParent()!=null){
      ObjectAnimator a = ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(floatView.rootView, "translationY", 0, -700);
      a.setDuration(700);
      a.start();
      a.addListener(new Animator.AnimatorListener() {
        @Override
        public void onAnimationStart(Animator animator) {
        }
        @Override
        public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animator) {
          dismiss();
        }
        @Override
        public void onAnimationCancel(Animator animator) {
        }
        @Override
        public void onAnimationRepeat(Animator animator) {
        }
      });
    }
  }
  protected void animDismiss(HeadsUp headsUp){
      if(floatView.getHeadsUp().getCode()==headsUp.getCode()){
        animDismiss();
      }
  }
  public void cancel(int code) {
    if (map.containsKey(code)) {
      msgQueue.remove(map.get(code));
    }
    if(floatView!=null && floatView.getHeadsUp().getCode()==code){
      animDismiss();
    }
  }
  public void close() {
    cancelAll();
    manager = null;
  }
  public void cancelAll() {
    msgQueue.clear();
    if (floatView!=null && floatView.getParent()!=null) {
      animDismiss();
    }
  }
}
public class FloatView extends LinearLayout {
  private float rawX = 0;
  private float rawY=0;
  private float touchX = 0;
  private float startY = 0;
  public LinearLayout rootView;
  public int originalLeft;
  public int viewWidth;
  private float validWidth;
  private VelocityTracker velocityTracker;
  private int maxVelocity;
  private Distance distance;
  private ScrollOrientationEnum scrollOrientationEnum=ScrollOrientationEnum.NONE;
  public static WindowManager.LayoutParams winParams = new WindowManager.LayoutParams();
  public FloatView(final Context context, int i) {
    super(context);
    LinearLayout view = (LinearLayout) LayoutInflater.from(getContext()).inflate(R.layout.notification_bg, null);
    maxVelocity= ViewConfiguration.get(context).getScaledMaximumFlingVelocity();
    rootView = (LinearLayout) view.findViewById(R.id.rootView);
    addView(view);
    viewWidth = context.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().widthPixels;
    validWidth=viewWidth/2.0f;
    originalLeft = 0;
  }
  public void setCustomView(View view) {
    rootView.addView(view);
  }
  @Override
  protected void onFinishInflate() {
    super.onFinishInflate();
  }
  private HeadsUp headsUp;
  private long cutDown;
  private  Handler mHandle=null;
  private CutDownTime cutDownTime;
  private class CutDownTime extends Thread{
    @Override
    public void run() {
      super.run();
      while (cutDown>0){
        try {
          Thread.sleep(1000);
          cutDown--;
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
          e.printStackTrace();
        }
      }
      if(cutDown==0) {
        mHandle.sendEmptyMessage(0);
      }
    }
  };
  public HeadsUp getHeadsUp() {
    return headsUp;
  }
private int pointerId;
  public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
    rawX = event.getRawX();
    rawY=event.getRawY();
    acquireVelocityTracker(event);
    cutDown= headsUp.getDuration();
    switch (event.getAction()) {
      case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
        touchX = event.getX();
        startY = event.getRawY();
        pointerId=event.getPointerId(0);
        break;
      case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:
        switch (scrollOrientationEnum){
          case NONE:
            if(Math.abs((rawX - touchX))>20) {
              scrollOrientationEnum=ScrollOrientationEnum.HORIZONTAL;
            }else if(startY-rawY>20){
              scrollOrientationEnum=ScrollOrientationEnum.VERTICAL;
            }
            break;
          case HORIZONTAL:
            updatePosition((int) (rawX - touchX));
            break;
          case VERTICAL:
            if(startY-rawY>20) {
              cancel();
            }
            break;
        }
        break;
      case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:
        velocityTracker.computeCurrentVelocity(1000,maxVelocity);
        int dis= (int) velocityTracker.getYVelocity(pointerId);
        if(scrollOrientationEnum==ScrollOrientationEnum.NONE){
          if(headsUp.getNotification().contentIntent!=null){
            try {
              headsUp.getNotification().contentIntent.send();
              cancel();
            } catch (PendingIntent.CanceledException e) {
              e.printStackTrace();
            }
          }
          break;
        }
        int toX;
        if(preLeft>0){
          toX= (int) (preLeft+Math.abs(dis));
        }else{
          toX= (int) (preLeft-Math.abs(dis));
        }
        if (toX <= -validWidth) {
          float preAlpha=1-Math.abs(preLeft)/validWidth;
          preAlpha=preAlpha>=0?preAlpha:0;
          translationX(preLeft,-(validWidth+10),preAlpha,0);
        } else if (toX <= validWidth) {
          float preAlpha=1-Math.abs(preLeft)/validWidth;
          preAlpha=preAlpha>=0?preAlpha:0;
          translationX(preLeft,0,preAlpha,1);
        }else{
          float preAlpha=1-Math.abs(preLeft)/validWidth;
          preAlpha=preAlpha>=0?preAlpha:0;
          translationX(preLeft, validWidth + 10, preAlpha, 0);
        }
        preLeft = 0;
        scrollOrientationEnum=ScrollOrientationEnum.NONE;
        break;
    }
    return super.onTouchEvent(event);
  }
  /**
   *
   * @param event 向VelocityTracker添加MotionEvent
   *
   * @see android.view.VelocityTracker#obtain()
   * @see android.view.VelocityTracker#addMovement(MotionEvent)
   */
  private void acquireVelocityTracker( MotionEvent event) {
    if(null == velocityTracker) {
      velocityTracker = VelocityTracker.obtain();
    }
    velocityTracker.addMovement(event);
  }
  private int preLeft;
  public void updatePosition(int left) {
      float preAlpha=1-Math.abs(preLeft)/validWidth;
      float leftAlpha=1-Math.abs(left)/validWidth;
      preAlpha = preAlpha>=0 ? preAlpha : 0;
      leftAlpha = leftAlpha>=0 ? leftAlpha : 0;
      translationX(preLeft,left,preAlpha,leftAlpha);
    preLeft = left;
  }
  public void translationX(float fromX,float toX,float formAlpha, final float toAlpha ){
    ObjectAnimator a1=ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(rootView,"alpha",formAlpha,toAlpha);
    ObjectAnimator a2 = ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(rootView, "translationX", fromX, toX);
    AnimatorSet animatorSet=new AnimatorSet();
    animatorSet.playTogether(a1,a2);
    animatorSet.addListener(new Animator.AnimatorListener() {
      @Override
      public void onAnimationStart(Animator animation) {
      }
      @Override
      public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
        if(toAlpha==0){
          HeadsUpManager.getInstant(getContext()).dismiss();
          cutDown=-1;
          if(velocityTracker!=null) {
            velocityTracker.clear();
            try {
              velocityTracker.recycle();
            } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
            }
          }
        }
      }
      @Override
      public void onAnimationCancel(Animator animation) {
      }
      @Override
      public void onAnimationRepeat(Animator animation) {
      }
    });
    animatorSet.start();
  }
  public void setNotification(final HeadsUp headsUp) {
    this.headsUp = headsUp;
    mHandle= new Handler(){
      @Override
      public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
        super.handleMessage(msg);
        HeadsUpManager.getInstant(getContext()).animDismiss(headsUp);
      }
    };
    cutDownTime= new CutDownTime();
    if(!headsUp.isSticky()){
      cutDownTime.start();
    }
    cutDown= headsUp.getDuration();
    if (headsUp.getCustomView() == null) {
      View defaultView = LayoutInflater.from(getContext()).inflate(R.layout.notification, rootView, false);
      rootView.addView(defaultView);
      ImageView imageView = (ImageView) defaultView.findViewById(R.id.iconIM);
      TextView titleTV = (TextView) defaultView.findViewById(R.id.titleTV);
      TextView timeTV = (TextView) defaultView.findViewById(R.id.timeTV);
      TextView messageTV = (TextView) defaultView.findViewById(R.id.messageTV);
      imageView.setImageResource(headsUp.getIcon());
      titleTV.setText(headsUp.getTitleStr());
      messageTV.setText(headsUp.getMsgStr());
      SimpleDateFormat simpleDateFormat=new SimpleDateFormat("HH:mm");
      timeTV.setText( simpleDateFormat.format(new Date()));
    } else {
      setCustomView(headsUp.getCustomView());
    }
  }
  protected void cancel(){
    HeadsUpManager.getInstant(getContext()).animDismiss();
    cutDown = -1;
    cutDownTime.interrupt();
    if(velocityTracker!=null) {
      try {
        velocityTracker.clear();
        velocityTracker.recycle();
      } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
      }
    }
  }
  enum ScrollOrientationEnum {
    VERTICAL,HORIZONTAL,NONE
  }
}

具体用法:

PendingIntent pendingIntent=PendingIntent.getActivity(MainActivity.this,11,new Intent(MainActivity.this,MainActivity.class),PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
   View view=getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.custom_notification, null);
   view.findViewById(R.id.openSource).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
     @Override
     public void onClick(View v) {
     }
   });
   HeadsUpManager manage = HeadsUpManager.getInstant(getApplication());
   HeadsUp.Builder builder = new HeadsUp.Builder(MainActivity.this);
   builder.setContentTitle("提醒")
       //要显示通知栏通知,这个一定要设置
       .setSmallIcon(R.drawable.icon)
       .setContentText("你有新的消息")
       //2.3 一定要设置这个参数,负责会报错
       .setContentIntent(pendingIntent)
       //.setFullScreenIntent(pendingIntent, false)
   HeadsUp headsUp = builder.buildHeadUp();
   headsUp.setCustomView(view);
   manage.notify(1, headsUp);
 }

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的Android 中Notification弹出实现代码,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对脚本之家网站的支持!

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