Android自定义View实现课程表表格

 更新时间:2019年03月26日 15:18:33   转载 作者:Chaek  
这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了Android自定义View实现课程表表格,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

自己闲下来时间写的一个课表控件,使用的自定义LinearLayout,里面View都是用代码实现的,最终效果如下图,写的可能有问题希望多多指点

创建一个自定义LinearLayout 控件用来装载课程的信息和课程的周数,和节数大概的布局三这样的

根据上面的看来觉得总体布局我分了两个 上面的星期是一个 下面的节数和格子是一个  总体使用Vertical  而单独内部者使用了Horizontal布局  中间使用了两种布局线条 是这样的

/**
 * 横的分界线
 *
 * @return
 */
 private View getWeekTransverseLine() {
 TextView mWeekline = new TextView(getContext());
 mWeekline.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.view_line));
 mWeekline.setHeight(TimeTableLineHeight);
 mWeekline.setWidth(LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT);
 return mWeekline;
 }
 
 
 /**
 * 竖向分界线
 *
 * @return
 */
 private View getWeekVerticalLine() {
 TextView mWeekline = new TextView(getContext());
 mWeekline.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.view_line));
 mWeekline.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableWeekNameHeight));
 mWeekline.setWidth((TimeTableLineHeight));
 return mWeekline;
 }

下面就看其它的View 

那就从上到下开始先看星期的布局

 private void initView() {
 
 mHorizontalWeekLayout = new LinearLayout(getContext());
 mHorizontalWeekLayout.setOrientation(HORIZONTAL);
 
 mVerticalWeekLaout = new LinearLayout(getContext());
 mVerticalWeekLaout.setOrientation(HORIZONTAL);
 //表格
 for (int i = 0; i <= WEEKNUM; i++) {
  switch (i) {
  case 0:
   //课表出的0,0格子 空白的
   TextView mTime = new TextView(getContext());
   mTime.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableWeekNameHeight));
   mTime.setWidth((dip2px(TimeTableNumWidth)));
   mHorizontalWeekLayout.addView(mTime);
 
   //绘制1~MAXNUM
   LinearLayout mMonday = new LinearLayout(getContext());
   ViewGroup.LayoutParams mm = new ViewGroup.LayoutParams(dip2px(TimeTableNumWidth), dip2px(MAXNUM * TimeTableHeight) + MAXNUM * 2);
   mMonday.setLayoutParams(mm);
   mMonday.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
   for (int j = 1; j <= MAXNUM; j++) {
   TextView mNum = new TextView(getContext());
   mNum.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER);
   mNum.setTextColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.text_color));
   mNum.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableHeight));
   mNum.setWidth(dip2px(TimeTableNumWidth));
   mNum.setTextSize(14);
   mNum.setText(j + "");
   mMonday.addView(mNum);
   mMonday.addView(getWeekTransverseLine());
   }
   mVerticalWeekLaout.addView(mMonday);
   break;
  case 1:
  case 2:
  case 3:
  case 4:
  case 5:
  case 6:
  case 7:
   // 设置显示星期一 到星期天
   LinearLayout mHoriView = new LinearLayout(getContext());
   mHoriView.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
   TextView mWeekName = new TextView(getContext());
   mWeekName.setTextColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.text_color));
   mWeekName.setWidth(((getViewWidth() - dip2px(TimeTableNumWidth))) / WEEKNUM);
   mWeekName.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableWeekNameHeight));
   mWeekName.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER);
   mWeekName.setTextSize(16);
   mWeekName.setText(weekname[i - 1]);
   mHoriView.addView(mWeekName);
   mHorizontalWeekLayout.addView(mHoriView);
 
   List<TimeTableModel> mListMon = new ArrayList<>();
   //遍历出星期1~7的课表
   for (TimeTableModel timeTableModel : mListTimeTable) {
   if (timeTableModel.getWeek() == i) {
    mListMon.add(timeTableModel);
   }
   }
   //添加
   LinearLayout mLayout = getTimeTableView(mListMon, i);
   mLayout.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
   ViewGroup.LayoutParams linearParams = new ViewGroup.LayoutParams((getViewWidth() - dip2px(20)) / WEEKNUM, LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT);
   mLayout.setLayoutParams(linearParams);
   mLayout.setWeightSum(1);
   mVerticalWeekLaout.addView(mLayout);
   break;
 
  default:
   break;
  }
  TextView l = new TextView(getContext());
  l.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableHeight * MAXNUM) + MAXNUM * 2);
  l.setWidth(2);
  l.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.view_line));
  mVerticalWeekLaout.addView(l);
  mHorizontalWeekLayout.addView(getWeekVerticalLine());
 }
 addView(mHorizontalWeekLayout);
 addView(getWeekTransverseLine());
 addView(mVerticalWeekLaout);
 addView(getWeekTransverseLine());
 }

TimeTableModel 

package com.shallcheek.timetale;
 
public class TimeTableModel {
 private int id;
 private int startnum;
 private int endnum;
 private int week;
 private String starttime="";
 private String endtime="";
 private String name="";
 private String teacher="";
 private String classroom="";
 private String weeknum="";
 
 @Override
 public String toString() {
 return "TimeTableModel [id=" + id + ", startnum=" + startnum
 + ", endnum=" + endnum + ", week=" + week + ", starttime="
 + starttime + ", endtime=" + endtime + ", name=" + name
 + ", teacher=" + teacher + ", classroom=" + classroom
 + ", weeknum=" + weeknum + "]";
 }
 
 public int getId() {
 return id;
 }
 
 public int getStartnum() {
 return startnum;
 }
 
 public int getEndnum() {
 return endnum;
 }
 
 public int getWeek() {
 return week;
 }
 
 public String getStarttime() {
 return starttime;
 }
 
 public String getEndtime() {
 return endtime;
 }
 
 public String getName() {
 return name;
 }
 
 public String getTeacher() {
 return teacher;
 }
 
 public String getClassroom() {
 return classroom;
 }
 
 public String getWeeknum() {
 return weeknum;
 }
 
 public void setId(int id) {
 this.id = id;
 }
 
 public void setStartnum(int startnum) {
 this.startnum = startnum;
 }
 
 public void setEndnum(int endnum) {
 this.endnum = endnum;
 }
 
 public void setWeek(int week) {
 this.week = week;
 }
 
 public void setStarttime(String starttime) {
 this.starttime = starttime;
 }
 
 public void setEndtime(String endtime) {
 this.endtime = endtime;
 }
 
 public void setName(String name) {
 this.name = name;
 }
 
 public void setTeacher(String teacher) {
 this.teacher = teacher;
 }
 
 public void setClassroom(String classroom) {
 this.classroom = classroom;
 }
 
 public void setWeeknum(String weeknum) {
 this.weeknum = weeknum;
 }
 public TimeTableModel() {
 // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
 }
 
 public TimeTableModel(int id, int startnum, int endnum, int week,
 String starttime, String endtime, String name, String teacher,
 String classroom, String weeknum) {
 super();
 this.id = id;
 this.startnum = startnum;
 this.endnum = endnum;
 this.week = week;
 this.starttime = starttime;
 this.endtime = endtime;
 this.name = name;
 this.teacher = teacher;
 this.classroom = classroom;
 this.weeknum = weeknum;
 }
 
}

TimeTableView 

package com.shallcheek.timetale;
 
 
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
 
 
import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.Gravity;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.WindowManager;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
 
 
/**
 * 课表显示View
 *
 * @author shallcheek
 */
public class TimeTableView extends LinearLayout {
 /**
 * 配色数组
 */
 public static int colors[] = {R.drawable.select_label_san,
  R.drawable.select_label_er, R.drawable.select_label_si,
  R.drawable.select_label_wu, R.drawable.select_label_liu,
  R.drawable.select_label_qi, R.drawable.select_label_ba,
  R.drawable.select_label_jiu, R.drawable.select_label_sss,
  R.drawable.select_label_se, R.drawable.select_label_yiw,
  R.drawable.select_label_sy, R.drawable.select_label_yiwu,
  R.drawable.select_label_yi, R.drawable.select_label_wuw};
 private final static int START = 0;
 //最大节数
 public final static int MAXNUM = 12;
 //显示到星期几
 public final static int WEEKNUM = 7;
 //单个View高度
 private final static int TimeTableHeight = 50;
 //线的高度
 private final static int TimeTableLineHeight = 2;
 private final static int TimeTableNumWidth = 20;
 private final static int TimeTableWeekNameHeight = 30;
 private LinearLayout mHorizontalWeekLayout;//第一行的星期显示
 private LinearLayout mVerticalWeekLaout;//课程格子
 private String[] weekname = {"一", "二", "三", "四", "五", "六", "七"};
 public static String[] colorStr = new String[20];
 int colornum = 0;
 //数据源
 private List<TimeTableModel> mListTimeTable = new ArrayList<TimeTableModel>();
 
 
 public TimeTableView(Context context) {
 super(context);
 }
 
 
 public TimeTableView(Context context, AttributeSet attributeSet) {
 super(context, attributeSet);
 }
 
 
 @Override
 protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
 super.onDraw(canvas);
 }
 
 
 /**
 * 横的分界线
 *
 * @return
 */
 private View getWeekTransverseLine() {
 TextView mWeekline = new TextView(getContext());
 mWeekline.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.view_line));
 mWeekline.setHeight(TimeTableLineHeight);
 mWeekline.setWidth(LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT);
 return mWeekline;
 }
 
 
 /**
 * 竖向分界线
 *
 * @return
 */
 private View getWeekVerticalLine() {
 TextView mWeekline = new TextView(getContext());
 mWeekline.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.view_line));
 mWeekline.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableWeekNameHeight));
 mWeekline.setWidth((TimeTableLineHeight));
 return mWeekline;
 }
 
 
 
 
 private void initView() {
 
 
 mHorizontalWeekLayout = new LinearLayout(getContext());
 mHorizontalWeekLayout.setOrientation(HORIZONTAL);
 
 
 mVerticalWeekLaout = new LinearLayout(getContext());
 mVerticalWeekLaout.setOrientation(HORIZONTAL);
 //表格
 for (int i = 0; i <= WEEKNUM; i++) {
  switch (i) {
  case 0:
   //课表出的0,0格子 空白的
   TextView mTime = new TextView(getContext());
   mTime.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableWeekNameHeight));
   mTime.setWidth((dip2px(TimeTableNumWidth)));
   mHorizontalWeekLayout.addView(mTime);
 
 
   //绘制1~MAXNUM
   LinearLayout mMonday = new LinearLayout(getContext());
   ViewGroup.LayoutParams mm = new ViewGroup.LayoutParams(dip2px(TimeTableNumWidth), dip2px(MAXNUM * TimeTableHeight) + MAXNUM * 2);
   mMonday.setLayoutParams(mm);
   mMonday.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
   for (int j = 1; j <= MAXNUM; j++) {
   TextView mNum = new TextView(getContext());
   mNum.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER);
   mNum.setTextColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.text_color));
   mNum.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableHeight));
   mNum.setWidth(dip2px(TimeTableNumWidth));
   mNum.setTextSize(14);
   mNum.setText(j + "");
   mMonday.addView(mNum);
   mMonday.addView(getWeekTransverseLine());
   }
   mVerticalWeekLaout.addView(mMonday);
   break;
  case 1:
  case 2:
  case 3:
  case 4:
  case 5:
  case 6:
  case 7:
   // 设置显示星期一 到星期天
   LinearLayout mHoriView = new LinearLayout(getContext());
   mHoriView.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
   TextView mWeekName = new TextView(getContext());
   mWeekName.setTextColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.text_color));
   mWeekName.setWidth(((getViewWidth() - dip2px(TimeTableNumWidth))) / WEEKNUM);
   mWeekName.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableWeekNameHeight));
   mWeekName.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER);
   mWeekName.setTextSize(16);
   mWeekName.setText(weekname[i - 1]);
   mHoriView.addView(mWeekName);
   mHorizontalWeekLayout.addView(mHoriView);
 
 
   List<TimeTableModel> mListMon = new ArrayList<>();
   //遍历出星期1~7的课表
   for (TimeTableModel timeTableModel : mListTimeTable) {
   if (timeTableModel.getWeek() == i) {
    mListMon.add(timeTableModel);
   }
   }
   //添加
   LinearLayout mLayout = getTimeTableView(mListMon, i);
   mLayout.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
   ViewGroup.LayoutParams linearParams = new ViewGroup.LayoutParams((getViewWidth() - dip2px(20)) / WEEKNUM, LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT);
   mLayout.setLayoutParams(linearParams);
   mLayout.setWeightSum(1);
   mVerticalWeekLaout.addView(mLayout);
   break;
 
 
  default:
   break;
  }
  TextView l = new TextView(getContext());
  l.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableHeight * MAXNUM) + MAXNUM * 2);
  l.setWidth(2);
  l.setBackgroundColor(getResources().getColor(R.color.view_line));
  mVerticalWeekLaout.addView(l);
  mHorizontalWeekLayout.addView(getWeekVerticalLine());
 }
 addView(mHorizontalWeekLayout);
 addView(getWeekTransverseLine());
 addView(mVerticalWeekLaout);
 addView(getWeekTransverseLine());
 }
 
 
 private int getViewWidth() {
 WindowManager wm = (WindowManager) getContext().getSystemService(
  Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
 return wm.getDefaultDisplay().getWidth();
 }
 
 
 private View addStartView(int startnum, final int week, final int start) {
 LinearLayout mStartView = new LinearLayout(getContext());
 mStartView.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
 for (int i = 1; i < startnum; i++) {
  TextView mTime = new TextView(getContext());
  mTime.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER);
  mTime.setHeight(dip2px(TimeTableHeight));
  mTime.setWidth(dip2px(TimeTableHeight));
  mStartView.addView(mTime);
  mStartView.addView(getWeekTransverseLine());
  final int num = i;
  //这里可以处理空白处点击添加课表
  mTime.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
  @Override
  public void onClick(View v) {
   Toast.makeText(getContext(), "星期" + week + "第" + (start + num) + "节", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
  }
  });
 
 
 }
 return mStartView;
 }
 
 
 /**
 * 星期一到星期天的课表
 *
 * @param model
 * @param week
 * @return
 */
 private LinearLayout getTimeTableView(List<TimeTableModel> model, int week) {
 LinearLayout mTimeTableView = new LinearLayout(getContext());
 mTimeTableView.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
 int modesize = model.size();
 if (modesize <= 0) {
  mTimeTableView.addView(addStartView(MAXNUM + 1, week, 0));
 } else {
  for (int i = 0; i < modesize; i++) {
  if (i == 0) {
   //添加的0到开始节数的空格
   mTimeTableView.addView(addStartView(model.get(0).getStartnum(), week, 0));
   mTimeTableView.addView(getMode(model.get(0)));
  } else if (model.get(i).getStartnum() - model.get(i - 1).getStartnum() > 0) {
   //填充
   mTimeTableView.addView(addStartView(model.get(i).getStartnum() - model.get(i - 1).getEndnum(), week, model.get(i - 1).getEndnum()));
   mTimeTableView.addView(getMode(model.get(i)));
  }
  if (i + 1 == modesize) {
   mTimeTableView.addView(addStartView(MAXNUM - model.get(i).getEndnum(), week, model.get(i).getEndnum()));
  }
  }
 }
 return mTimeTableView;
 }
 
 
 /**
 * 获取单个课表View 也可以自定义我这个
 *
 * @param model 数据类型
 * @return
 */
 @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
 private View getMode(final TimeTableModel model) {
 LinearLayout mTimeTableView = new LinearLayout(getContext());
 mTimeTableView.setOrientation(VERTICAL);
 TextView mTimeTableNameView = new TextView(getContext());
 int num = model.getEndnum() - model.getStartnum();
 mTimeTableNameView.setHeight(dip2px((num + 1) * TimeTableHeight) + num * 2);
 mTimeTableNameView.setTextColor(getContext().getResources().getColor(
  android.R.color.white));
 mTimeTableNameView.setWidth(dip2px(50));
 mTimeTableNameView.setTextSize(16);
 mTimeTableNameView.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER);
 mTimeTableNameView.setText(model.getName() + "@" + model.getClassroom());
 mTimeTableView.addView(mTimeTableNameView);
 mTimeTableView.addView(getWeekTransverseLine());
 mTimeTableView.setBackgroundDrawable(getContext().getResources()
  .getDrawable(colors[getColorNum(model.getName())]));
 mTimeTableView.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
  @Override
  public void onClick(View v) {
  Toast.makeText(getContext(), model.getName() + "@" + model.getClassroom(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
  }
 });
 return mTimeTableView;
 }
 
 
 /**
 * 转换dp
 *
 * @param dpValue
 * @return
 */
 public int dip2px(float dpValue) {
 float scale = getContext().getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
 return (int) (dpValue * scale + 0.5f);
 }
 
 
 public void setTimeTable(List<TimeTableModel> mlist) {
 this.mListTimeTable = mlist;
 for (TimeTableModel timeTableModel : mlist) {
  addTimeName(timeTableModel.getName());
 }
 initView();
 invalidate();
 }
 
 
 /**
 * 输入课表名循环判断是否数组存在该课表 如果存在输出true并退出循环 如果不存在则存入colorSt[20]数组
 *
 * @param name
 */
 private void addTimeName(String name) {
 boolean isRepeat = true;
 for (int i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
  if (name.equals(colorStr[i])) {
  isRepeat = true;
  break;
  } else {
  isRepeat = false;
  }
 }
 if (!isRepeat) {
  colorStr[colornum] = name;
  colornum++;
 }
 }
 
 
 /**
 * 获取数组中的课程名
 *
 * @param name
 * @return
 */
 public static int getColorNum(String name) {
 int num = 0;
 for (int i = 0; i < 20; i++) {
  if (name.equals(colorStr[i])) {
  num = i;
  }
 }
 return num;
 }
}

布局文件

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
 android:layout_width="fill_parent"
 android:layout_height="fill_parent"
 android:background="@android:color/white"
 android:orientation="vertical" >
 
 <ScrollView
 android:layout_width="fill_parent"
 android:layout_height="fill_parent" >
 
 <com.shallcheek.timetale.TimeTableView
  android:id="@+id/main_timetable_ly"
  android:layout_width="fill_parent"
  android:layout_height="fill_parent"
  android:orientation="vertical" >
 </com.shallcheek.timetale.TimeTableView>
 </ScrollView>
 
</LinearLayout>

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