Springboot2整合knife4j过程解析

 更新时间:2020年03月11日 11:37:34   作者:我太难了008  
这篇文章主要介绍了Springboot2整合knife4j过程解析,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,需要的朋友可以参考下

knife4j官网:https://doc.xiaominfo.com/guide/useful.html

这玩艺就swagger的升级版,但是用起来比swagger方便多了,至少不会出现莫名的版本兼容问题

下面记录一个配置示例

1.代码结构

2.pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
     xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>2.2.5.RELEASE</version>
    <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
  </parent>
  <groupId>com.example</groupId>
  <artifactId>knife4j-demo</artifactId>
  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <name>knife4j-demo</name>
  <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

  <properties>
    <java.version>1.8</java.version>
  </properties>

  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
      <scope>test</scope>
      <exclusions>
        <exclusion>
          <groupId>org.junit.vintage</groupId>
          <artifactId>junit-vintage-engine</artifactId>
        </exclusion>
      </exclusions>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.github.xiaoymin</groupId>
      <artifactId>knife4j-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
      <!--在引用时请在maven中央仓库搜索最新版本号-->
      <version>2.0.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
      <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
      <version>1.2.58</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
      <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
      <version>1.18.10</version>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>

  <build>
    <plugins>
      <plugin>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
      </plugin>
    </plugins>
  </build>

</project>

3.配置类

package com.example.knife4j.demo.config;

import com.github.xiaoymin.knife4j.spring.annotations.EnableKnife4j;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Import;
import springfox.bean.validators.configuration.BeanValidatorPluginsConfiguration;
import springfox.documentation.builders.ApiInfoBuilder;
import springfox.documentation.builders.PathSelectors;
import springfox.documentation.builders.RequestHandlerSelectors;
import springfox.documentation.service.ApiInfo;
import springfox.documentation.spi.DocumentationType;
import springfox.documentation.spring.web.plugins.Docket;
import springfox.documentation.swagger2.annotations.EnableSwagger2;

@Configuration
@EnableSwagger2
@EnableKnife4j
@Import(BeanValidatorPluginsConfiguration.class)
public class SwaggerConfiguration {
 

  @Bean(value = "defaultApi2")
  public Docket defaultApi2() {
    Docket docket=new Docket(DocumentationType.SWAGGER_2)
        .apiInfo(apiInfo())
        //分组名称
        .groupName("2.X版本")
        .select()
        //这里指定Controller扫描包路径(项目路径也行)
        .apis(RequestHandlerSelectors.basePackage("com.example.knife4j.demo"))
        .paths(PathSelectors.any())
        .build();
    return docket;
  }
  private ApiInfo apiInfo() {
    return new ApiInfoBuilder()
        .title("不重要")
        .description("测试名称不重要")
        .termsOfServiceUrl("http://localhost:88888/")
        .contact("10086@mail.com")
        .version("1.0")
        .build();
  }
}

4.模型bean

package com.example.knife4j.demo.beans;

import io.swagger.annotations.ApiModel;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiModelProperty;

/**
 * 创建时间: 23:09 2018/9/19
 * 修改时间:
 * 编码人员: ZhengQf
 * 版  本: 0.0.1
 * 功能描述:
 */
@ApiModel(value = "用户模型")
public class UserEntity {
  @ApiModelProperty(value="id" ,required= true,example = "123")
  private Integer id;
  @ApiModelProperty(value="用户姓名" ,required=true,example = "郑钦锋")
  private String name;


  public Integer getId() {
    return id;
  }

  public void setId(Integer id) {
    this.id = id;
  }

  public String getName() {
    return name;
  }

  public void setName(String name) {
    this.name = name;
  }

  @Override
  public String toString() {
    return "DemoDoctor [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + "]";
  }

}

5.两个接口controller

package com.example.knife4j.demo.controller;

import io.swagger.annotations.Api;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiOperation;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

@Api(value = "IndexController测试接口")
@RestController
public class IndexController {
  @ApiOperation(value = "测试index接口", nickname = "测试IndexController的index接口")
  @GetMapping("/index")
  public String index() {
    return "测试IndexController的index接口...";
  }

}
package com.example.knife4j.demo.controller;

import com.example.knife4j.demo.beans.UserEntity;
import io.swagger.annotations.Api;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiImplicitParam;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiImplicitParams;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiOperation;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

@Api(value = "用户接口")
@RestController
public class UserController {


  @ApiOperation(value = "获取用户信息接口", nickname = "根据用户ID获取用户相关信息")
  @ApiImplicitParam(name = "id", value = "用户ID", required = true, dataType = "int")
  @PostMapping("/postMember")
  public UserEntity postMember(@RequestParam Integer id) {
    UserEntity userEntity = new UserEntity();
    userEntity.setId(id);
    userEntity.setName("admin");
    return userEntity;
  }


  @ApiOperation(value = "添加用户", nickname = "添加用户接口1", notes = "入参是复杂对象", produces = "application/json")
  @PostMapping("/postUser")
  @ResponseBody
  @ApiImplicitParam(paramType = "query", name = "userId", value = "用户id", required = true, dataType = "int")
  public UserEntity postUser(@RequestBody UserEntity user, @RequestParam("userId") int userId) { // 这里用包装类竟然报错
    if (user.getId() == userId) {
      return user;
    }
    return new UserEntity();
  }


  @ApiOperation(value = "添加用户", nickname = "添加用户接口2", notes = "入参是简单对象", produces = "application/json")
  @PostMapping("/addUser")
  @ResponseBody
  @ApiImplicitParams({
      @ApiImplicitParam(paramType = "query", name = "userName", value = "用户姓名", required = true, dataType = "String"),
      @ApiImplicitParam(paramType = "query", name = "id", value = "用户id", required = true, dataType = "int")})
  public UserEntity addUser(String userName, int id) {
    UserEntity userEntity = new UserEntity();
    userEntity.setName(userName);
    userEntity.setId(id);
    return userEntity;
  }

}

6.srpingboot项目启动类

package com.example.knife4j.demo;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.condition.ConditionalOnClass;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.ResourceHandlerRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurer;
import springfox.documentation.spring.web.SpringfoxWebMvcConfiguration;

@ConditionalOnClass(SpringfoxWebMvcConfiguration.class)
@SpringBootApplication
public class Knife4jDemoApplication implements WebMvcConfigurer {

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    SpringApplication.run(Knife4jDemoApplication.class, args);
  }
  @Override
  public void addResourceHandlers(ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
    registry.addResourceHandler("doc.html").addResourceLocations("classpath:/META-INF/resources/");
    registry.addResourceHandler("/webjars/**").addResourceLocations("classpath:/META-INF/resources/webjars/");
  }
}

这样简单一配置,就ok了,浏览器访问:http://127.0.0.1:8080/doc.html

不过,在项目中我使用了ResponseBodyAdvice接口对项目接口响应内容做统一处理,然后使用knife4j就出问题了。

ResponseBodyAdvice接口实现如下:

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.core.MethodParameter;
import org.springframework.http.MediaType;
import org.springframework.http.converter.HttpMessageConverter;
import org.springframework.http.server.ServerHttpRequest;
import org.springframework.http.server.ServerHttpResponse;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestControllerAdvice;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.EnableWebMvc;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ResponseBodyAdvice;

/**
 * 自定义advise ,对restful请求响应体进行统一规范
 */
@EnableWebMvc
@Configuration
@RestControllerAdvice
public class ResponseAdvise implements ResponseBodyAdvice<Object> {
  @Override
  public boolean supports(MethodParameter returnType, Class<? extends HttpMessageConverter<?>> converterType) {
    return true;
  }

  @Override
  public Object beforeBodyWrite(Object object, MethodParameter returnType, MediaType selectedContentType, Class<? extends HttpMessageConverter<?>> selectedConverterType, ServerHttpRequest request, ServerHttpResponse response) {

    if (object instanceof ResponseData) {
      return object;
    }
    return ResponseData.of().setData(object);
  }
}

请求报错

而且后台还说找不到映射路径

2020-03-10 23:31:01.533 WARN 7940 --- [nio-8080-exec-1] o.s.web.servlet.PageNotFound : No mapping for GET /service-worker.js
2020-03-10 23:31:01.560 WARN 7940 --- [nio-8080-exec-4] o.s.web.servlet.PageNotFound : No mapping for GET /favicon.ico
2020-03-10 23:31:14.468 WARN 7940 --- [nio-8080-exec-8] o.s.web.servlet.PageNotFound : No mapping for GET /service-worker.js

然后,我在ResponseAdvise#beforeBodyWrite方法中打上断点,发现我将swagger的请求内容进行了修改,以至于报了404。

最后在ResponseAdvise类上声明只对本项目的响应体内容进行统一处理

@RestControllerAdvice(basePackages = "com.example.knife4j.demo")

这样,就完全ok!

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

相关文章

最新评论