Java从数据库中读取Blob对象图片并显示的方法

 更新时间:2015年02月04日 12:01:20   作者:Benjamin_whx  
这篇文章主要介绍了Java从数据库中读取Blob对象图片并显示的方法,实例分析了Java读取数据库中Blob对象图片的技巧与操作方法,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了Java从数据库中读取Blob对象图片并显示的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体实现方法如下:

第一种方法:

大致方法就是,从数据库中读出Blob的流来,写到页面中去:

复制代码 代码如下:
Connection conn = DBManager.getConnection();
  String sql = "SELECT picture FROM teacher WHERE id=1";
  PreparedStatement ps = null;
  ResultSet rs = null;
  InputStream is = null;
  OutputStream os = null;
  try {
   ps = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
   rs = ps.executeQuery();
 
   if(rs.next()){
    is = rs.getBinaryStream(1);
   }
 
   response.setContentType("text/html");
   os = response.getOutputStream();
 
   int num;
   byte buf[] = new byte[1024];
 
   while(   (num=is.read(buf))!=-1   ){
    os.write(buf, 0, num);
   }
 
  } catch (SQLException e) {
   e.printStackTrace();
  }
 
  try {
   is.close();
   os.close();
   rs.close();
   ps.close();
  } catch (SQLException e) {
   e.printStackTrace();
}

 
在页面中:
复制代码 代码如下:
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>
 
<img name="pic" src="<%=basePath+"servlet/DownloadAsStream"%>"/>

 
搞定。

第二种方法:

整个流程分为四步,连接oracle数据库 -> 读取blob图片字段 -> 对图片进行缩放 ->把图片展示在jsp页面上。

复制代码 代码如下:
import java.sql.*;
import java.io.*;
 
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.awt.image.AffineTransformOp;
import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform;
 
public class OracleQueryBean {
    private final String oracleDriverName = "oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver";
    private Connection myConnection = null;
  
    private String strTabName;
  
    private String strIDName;
 
    private String strImgName;
  
    public OracleQueryBean(){
        try{
            Class.forName(oracleDriverName);
        }catch(ClassNotFoundException ex){
            System.out.println("加载jdbc驱动失败,原因:" + ex.getMessage());
        }
    }
  
    public Connection getConnection(){
        try{
        //用户名+密码; 以下使用的Test就是Oracle里的表空间
        //从配置文件中读取数据库信息
        GetPara oGetPara = new GetPara();
        String strIP = oGetPara.getPara("serverip");
        String strPort = oGetPara.getPara("port");
        String strDBName = oGetPara.getPara("dbname");
        String strUser = oGetPara.getPara("user");
        String strPassword = oGetPara.getPara("password");
      
        this.strTabName = oGetPara.getPara("tablename");
        this.strIDName = oGetPara.getPara("imgidname");
        this.strImgName = oGetPara.getPara("imgname");
      
        String oracleUrlToConnect ="jdbc:oracle:thin:@"+strIP+":"+strPort+":"+strDBName;
            this.myConnection = DriverManager.getConnection(oracleUrlToConnect, strUser, strPassword);
        }catch(Exception ex){
            System.out.println("Can not get connection:" + ex.getMessage());
            System.out.println("请检测配置文件中的数据库信息是否正确." );
        }
        return this.myConnection;
    }
}

2. 读取blob字段
 
在OracleQueryBean类中增加一个函数,来进行读取,具体代码如下:

复制代码 代码如下:
public byte[] GetImgByteById(String strID, int w, int h){
    //System.out.println("Get img data which id is " + nID);
    if(myConnection == null)
         this.getConnection();
    byte[] data = null;
    try {
            Statement stmt = myConnection.createStatement();
            ResultSet myResultSet = stmt.executeQuery("select " + this.strIDName + " from " + this.strTabName + " where " + this.strIDName + "=" + strID);
          
            StringBuffer myStringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
            if (myResultSet.next()) {
                java.sql.Blob blob = myResultSet.getBlob(this.strImgName);
                InputStream inStream = blob.getBinaryStream();
                try {
                    long nLen = blob.length();
                    int nSize = (int) nLen;
                    //System.out.println("img data size is :" + nSize);
                    data = new byte[nSize];
                    inStream.read(data);
                    inStream.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    System.out.println("获取图片数据失败,原因:" + e.getMessage());
                }
              
                data = ChangeImgSize(data, w, h);
            }
            System.out.println(myStringBuffer.toString());
            myConnection.commit();
            myConnection.close();
        } catch (SQLException ex) {
            System.out.println(ex.getMessage());
        }
        return data;
}

3. 缩放图片

因为图片的大小可能不一致,但是在页面中输出的大小需要统一,所以需要
在OracleQueryBean类中增加一个函数,来进行缩放,具体代码如下:

复制代码 代码如下:
private byte[] ChangeImgSize(byte[] data, int nw, int nh){
    byte[] newdata = null;
    try{
         BufferedImage bis = ImageIO.read(new ByteArrayInputStream(data));
            int w = bis.getWidth();
            int h = bis.getHeight();
            double sx = (double) nw / w;
            double sy = (double) nh / h;
            AffineTransform transform = new AffineTransform();
            transform.setToScale(sx, sy);
            AffineTransformOp ato = new AffineTransformOp(transform, null);
            //原始颜色
            BufferedImage bid = new BufferedImage(nw, nh, BufferedImage.TYPE_3BYTE_BGR);
            ato.filter(bis, bid);
          
            //转换成byte字节
            ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            ImageIO.write(bid, "jpeg", baos);
            newdata = baos.toByteArray();
          
    }catch(IOException e){
         e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return newdata;
}

4. 展示在页面
页面使用OracleQueryBean来根据用户提供的图片id进行查询,在读取并进行缩放后,通过jsp页面进行展示,具体代码如下:

复制代码 代码如下:
<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html;;charset=gbk" %>
<jsp:useBean id="OrcleQuery" scope="page" class="HLFtiDemo.OracleQueryBean" />
<%
    response.setContentType("image/jpeg");
    //图片在数据库中的 ID
    String strID = request.getParameter("id");
    //要缩略或放大图片的宽度
    String strWidth = request.getParameter("w");
    //要缩略或放大图片的高度
    String strHeight = request.getParameter("h");
    byte[] data = null;
    if(strID != null){
        int nWith = Integer.parseInt(strWidth);
        int nHeight = Integer.parseInt(strHeight);
        //获取图片的byte数据
        data = OrcleQuery.GetImgByteById(strID, nWith, nHeight);
        ServletOutputStream op = response.getOutputStream();      
       op.write(data, 0, data.length);
       op.close();
       op = null;
        response.flushBuffer();
        //清除输出流,防止释放时被捕获异常
        out.clear();
        out = pageContext.pushBody();
    }
%>

5. OracleQueryBean查询类的整体代码

OracleQueryBean.java文件代码如下所示:

复制代码 代码如下:
import java.sql.*;
import java.io.*;
 
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.awt.image.AffineTransformOp;
import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform;
 
public class OracleQueryBean {
    private final String oracleDriverName = "oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver";
 
    private Connection myConnection = null;
  
  
    private String strTabName;
  
    private String strIDName;
  
    private String strImgName;
  
    public OracleQueryBean(){
        try{
            Class.forName(oracleDriverName);
        }catch(ClassNotFoundException ex){
            System.out.println("加载jdbc驱动失败,原因:" + ex.getMessage());
        }
    }
  
    public Connection getConnection(){
        try{
        //用户名+密码; 以下使用的Test就是Oracle里的表空间
        //从配置文件中读取数据库信息
        GetPara oGetPara = new GetPara();
        String strIP = oGetPara.getPara("serverip");
        String strPort = oGetPara.getPara("port");
        String strDBName = oGetPara.getPara("dbname");
        String strUser = oGetPara.getPara("user");
        String strPassword = oGetPara.getPara("password");
      
        this.strTabName = oGetPara.getPara("tablename");
        this.strIDName = oGetPara.getPara("imgidname");
        this.strImgName = oGetPara.getPara("imgname");
      
        String oracleUrlToConnect ="jdbc:oracle:thin:@"+strIP+":"+strPort+":"+strDBName;
            this.myConnection = DriverManager.getConnection(oracleUrlToConnect, strUser, strPassword);
        }catch(Exception ex){
            System.out.println("Can not get connection:" + ex.getMessage());
            System.out.println("请检测配置文件中的数据库信息是否正确." );
        }
        return this.myConnection;
    }
  
    public byte[] GetImgByteById(String strID, int w, int h){
    //System.out.println("Get img data which id is " + nID);
    if(myConnection == null)
         this.getConnection();
    byte[] data = null;
    try {
            Statement stmt = myConnection.createStatement();
            ResultSet myResultSet = stmt.executeQuery("select " + this.strIDName + " from " + this.strTabName + " where " + this.strIDName + "=" + strID);
          
            StringBuffer myStringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
            if (myResultSet.next()) {
                java.sql.Blob blob = myResultSet.getBlob(this.strImgName);
                InputStream inStream = blob.getBinaryStream();
                try {
                    long nLen = blob.length();
                    int nSize = (int) nLen;
                    //System.out.println("img data size is :" + nSize);
                    data = new byte[nSize];
                    inStream.read(data);
                    inStream.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    System.out.println("获取图片数据失败,原因:" + e.getMessage());
                }
              
                data = ChangeImgSize(data, w, h);
            }
            System.out.println(myStringBuffer.toString());
            myConnection.commit();
            myConnection.close();
        } catch (SQLException ex) {
            System.out.println(ex.getMessage());
        }
        return data;
    }

    public byte[] GetImgByteById(String strID){
    //System.out.println("Get img data which id is " + nID);
    if(myConnection == null)
         this.getConnection();
    byte[] data = null;
    try {
            Statement stmt = myConnection.createStatement();
            ResultSet myResultSet = stmt.executeQuery("select " + this.strIDName + " from " + this.strTabName + " where " + this.strIDName + "=" + strID);
          
            StringBuffer myStringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
            if (myResultSet.next()) {
                java.sql.Blob blob = myResultSet.getBlob(this.strImgName);
                InputStream inStream = blob.getBinaryStream();
                try {
                    long nLen = blob.length();
                    int nSize = (int) nLen;
                    data = new byte[nSize];
                    inStream.read(data);
                    inStream.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    System.out.println("获取图片数据失败,原因:" + e.getMessage());
                }
            }
            System.out.println(myStringBuffer.toString());
            myConnection.commit();
            myConnection.close();
        } catch (SQLException ex) {
            System.out.println(ex.getMessage());
        }
        return data;
    }

    private byte[] ChangeImgSize(byte[] data, int nw, int nh){
    byte[] newdata = null;
    try{
         BufferedImage bis = ImageIO.read(new ByteArrayInputStream(data));
            int w = bis.getWidth();
            int h = bis.getHeight();
            double sx = (double) nw / w;
            double sy = (double) nh / h;
            AffineTransform transform = new AffineTransform();
            transform.setToScale(sx, sy);
            AffineTransformOp ato = new AffineTransformOp(transform, null);
            //原始颜色
            BufferedImage bid = new BufferedImage(nw, nh, BufferedImage.TYPE_3BYTE_BGR);
            ato.filter(bis, bid);         
            //转换成byte字节
            ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            ImageIO.write(bid, "jpeg", baos);
            newdata = baos.toByteArray();
    }catch(IOException e){
         e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return newdata;
    }
}

下面是我的存储读取blob图片的案例

复制代码 代码如下:
import java.sql.*;   
import java.io.*;  
public class InsertPhoto { 
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{ 
            Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");   
           Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1/wiseweb?user=root&password=root");   
           File f = new File("e:/123.jpg");   
           FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(f);   
           String sql = "insert into photo(photo,photoName) values(?,?)";   
           PreparedStatement pstmt = con.prepareStatement(sql);   
           pstmt.setBinaryStream(1,fis,(int)f.length());   
           pstmt.setString(2, "测试图片"); 
           pstmt.executeUpdate();   
           fis.close();   
           pstmt.close();   
           con.close();  
    } 
}

复制代码 代码如下:
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage; 
import java.io.BufferedInputStream; 
import java.io.IOException; 
import java.io.InputStream; 
import java.io.OutputStream; 
import java.sql.Connection; 
import java.sql.DriverManager; 
import java.sql.ResultSet; 
import java.sql.SQLException; 
import java.sql.Statement; 
 
import javax.imageio.ImageIO; 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet; 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse; 
 
import com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.JPEGCodec; 
import com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.JPEGImageEncoder; 

public class ReadPhoto extends HttpServlet{ 
 
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; 
     
    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response){ 
        if(request.getParameter("id") != null){ 
            response.setContentType("image/jpeg"); 
            try { 
                InputStream is = query_getPhotoImageBlob(Integer.parseInt(request.getParameter("id"))) ; 
                if(is != null){ 
                    is = new BufferedInputStream(is) ; 
                    BufferedImage bi = ImageIO.read(is) ; 
                    OutputStream os = response.getOutputStream() ; 
                    JPEGImageEncoder encoder = JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(os) ; 
                    encoder.encode(bi); 
                    os.close();   
                    is.close();   
                } 
            } catch(IOException e){ 
                e.printStackTrace(); 
            }catch (NumberFormatException e) { 
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block 
                e.printStackTrace(); 
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) { 
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block 
                e.printStackTrace(); 
            } catch (SQLException e) { 
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block 
                e.printStackTrace(); 
            } 
        } 
    } 
     
    public static InputStream query_getPhotoImageBlob(int id) throws ClassNotFoundException, SQLException{   
           String sql = "select photo from photo where id="+id;   
           Connection con = null;   
           Statement stmt = null;   
           ResultSet rs = null;   
           InputStream result = null;   
           try {   
            Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");   
            con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mysql://127.0.0.1/wiseweb?user=root&password=root");    
            stmt = con.createStatement();   
            rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);   
            if (rs.next())   
            result = rs.getBlob("photo").getBinaryStream();   
           } catch (SQLException e) {   
            // TODO: handle exception   
            System.err.println(e.getMessage());   
           }finally{   
               rs.close();   
               stmt.close();   
               con.close();  
           }   
           return result;   
        }  
}

jsp显示

复制代码 代码如下:
<img style="width:320px;height:240px" src="<%=basePath%>/genImage?id=3"/>

web.xml中配置

复制代码 代码如下:
<servlet> 
    <servlet-name>genImage</servlet-name> 
    <servlet-class>ReadPhoto</servlet-class> 
</servlet> 
<servlet-mapping> 
    <servlet-name>genImage</servlet-name> 
    <url-pattern>/genImage</url-pattern> 
</servlet-mapping>

希望本文所述对大家的Java程序设计有所帮助。

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