Android编程使用HTTP协议与TCP协议实现上传文件的方法

 更新时间:2016年01月04日 10:08:21   转载 作者:傅荣康  
这篇文章主要介绍了Android编程使用HTTP协议与TCP协议实现上传文件的方法,结合实例形式较为详细的分析了Android使用HTTP协议与TCP协议的具体步骤与实现文件传输的相关技巧,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了Android编程使用HTTP协议与TCP协议实现上传文件的方法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

Android上传文件有两种方式,第一种是基于Http协议的HttpURLConnection,第二种是基于TCP协议的Socket。 这两种方式的区别是使用HttpURLConnection上传时内部有缓存机制,如果上传较大文件会导致内存溢出。如果用TCP协议Socket方式上传就会解决这种弊端。

HTTP协议HttpURLConnection

1. 通过URL封装路径打开一个HttpURLConnection
2.设置请求方式以及头字段:Content-Type、Content-Length、Host
3.拼接数据发送

示例:

private static final String BOUNDARY = "---------------------------7db1c523809b2";//数据分割线
public boolean uploadHttpURLConnection(String username, String password, String path) throws Exception {
  //找到sdcard上的文件
  File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), path);
  //仿Http协议发送数据方式进行拼接
  StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
  sb.append("--" + BOUNDARY + "\r\n");
  sb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"username\"" + "\r\n");
  sb.append("\r\n");
  sb.append(username + "\r\n");
  sb.append("--" + BOUNDARY + "\r\n");
  sb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"password\"" + "\r\n");
  sb.append("\r\n");
  sb.append(password + "\r\n");
  sb.append("--" + BOUNDARY + "\r\n");
  sb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"file\"; filename=\"" + path + "\"" + "\r\n");
  sb.append("Content-Type: image/pjpeg" + "\r\n");
  sb.append("\r\n");
  byte[] before = sb.toString().getBytes("UTF-8");
  byte[] after = ("\r\n--" + BOUNDARY + "--\r\n").getBytes("UTF-8");
  URL url = new URL("http://192.168.1.16:8080/14_Web/servlet/LoginServlet");
  HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
  conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
  conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "multipart/form-data; boundary=" + BOUNDARY);
  conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Length", String.valueOf(before.length + file.length() + after.length));
  conn.setRequestProperty("HOST", "192.168.1.16:8080");
  conn.setDoOutput(true);
  OutputStream out = conn.getOutputStream();
  InputStream in = new FileInputStream(file);
  out.write(before);
  byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
  int len;
  while ((len = in.read(buf)) != -1)
    out.write(buf, 0, len);
  out.write(after);
  in.close();
  out.close();
  return conn.getResponseCode() == 200;
}

TCP协议Socket

1.我们可以使用Socket发送TCP请求,将上传数据分段发送

示例:

public boolean uploadBySocket(String username, String password, String path) throws Exception {
  // 根据path找到SDCard中的文件
  File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), path);
  // 组装表单字段和文件之前的数据
  StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
  sb.append("--" + BOUNDARY + "\r\n");
  sb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"username\"" + "\r\n");
  sb.append("\r\n");
  sb.append(username + "\r\n");
  sb.append("--" + BOUNDARY + "\r\n");
  sb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"password\"" + "\r\n");
  sb.append("\r\n");
  sb.append(password + "\r\n");
  sb.append("--" + BOUNDARY + "\r\n");
  sb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"file\"; filename=\"" + path + "\"" + "\r\n");
  sb.append("Content-Type: image/pjpeg" + "\r\n");
  sb.append("\r\n");
  // 文件之前的数据
  byte[] before = sb.toString().getBytes("UTF-8");
  // 文件之后的数据
  byte[] after = ("\r\n--" + BOUNDARY + "--\r\n").getBytes("UTF-8");
  URL url = new URL("http://192.168.1.199:8080/14_Web/servlet/LoginServlet");
  // 由于HttpURLConnection中会缓存数据, 上传较大文件时会导致内存溢出, 所以我们使用Socket传输
  Socket socket = new Socket(url.getHost(), url.getPort());
  OutputStream out = socket.getOutputStream();
  PrintStream ps = new PrintStream(out, true, "UTF-8");
  // 写出请求头
  ps.println("POST /14_Web/servlet/LoginServlet HTTP/1.1");
  ps.println("Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=" + BOUNDARY);
  ps.println("Content-Length: " + String.valueOf(before.length + file.length() + after.length));
  ps.println("Host: 192.168.1.199:8080");
  InputStream in = new FileInputStream(file);
  // 写出数据
  out.write(before);
  byte[] buf = new byte[1024];
  int len;
  while ((len = in.read(buf)) != -1)
    out.write(buf, 0, len);
  out.write(after);
  in.close();
  out.close();
  return true;
}

搭建服务器,完成上传功能

package cn.test.web.servlet;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItem;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.FileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.disk.DiskFileItemFactory;
import org.apache.commons.fileupload.servlet.ServletFileUpload;
public class LoginServlet extends HttpServlet {
  private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
  @Override
  public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
    doPost(request, response);
  }
  @Override
  public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
    boolean isMultipart = ServletFileUpload.isMultipartContent(request);
    if (isMultipart)
      try {
        FileItemFactory factory = new DiskFileItemFactory();
        ServletFileUpload upload = new ServletFileUpload(factory);
        List<FileItem> items = upload.parseRequest(request);
        File dir = new File(request.getSession().getServletContext().getRealPath("/WEB-INF/upload"));
        //创建目录
        dir.mkdir();
        for (FileItem item : items)
          if (item.isFormField())
            System.out.println(item.getFieldName() + ": " + item.getString());
          else{
            item.write(new File(dir,item.getName().substring(item.getName().lastIndexOf("\\")+1)));
          }
      } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
      }
    else {
      System.out.println(request.getMethod());
      System.out.println(request.getParameter("username"));
      System.out.println(request.getParameter("password"));
    }
  }
}

希望本文所述对大家Android程序设计有所帮助。

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