CentOS7环境下源码安装MySQL5.7的方法

 更新时间:2018年03月25日 09:06:36   作者:Eickrow  
这篇文章主要介绍了CentOS7环境下源码安装MySQL5.7的方法,结合实例形式分析了CentoS7环境下MySQL5.7的下载、编译、安装、设置等相关操作技巧,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了CentOS7环境下源码安装MySQL5.7的方法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

安装依赖包

复制代码 代码如下:
yum -y install autoconf automake libtool cmake ncurses-devel openssl-devel lzo-devel zlib-devel gcc gcc-c++

下载相应源码包

wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz
wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.12.tar.gz

添加mysql用户

useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql

解压源码包

tar zxvf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz -C /home/mysql #将文件解压至/home/mysql目录下
tar zxvf mysql-5.7.12.tar.gz

编译mysql

cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01 \
-DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 \
-DWITH_BOOST=/home/mysql/boost_1_59_0 \ #指定boost的位置
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc/mysql \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DENABLE_DTRACE=0 \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306;

编译安装

make -j `grep processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l` #编译时会消耗很大内存,小内存可能无法编译完成
make install#开始安装

配置启动

复制代码 代码如下:
cp /home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

添加可执行权限

chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld #mysqld可以修改mysql的配置文件路径

配置mysql的配置/etc/my.cnf,仅供参考

[client]
port = 3306
socket = /home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01/mysql.sock
default-character-set = utf8
[mysqld]
port = 3306
socket = /home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01/mysql.sock
basedir = /home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01
datadir = /home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01
pid-file = /home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01/mysql/mysql.pid
user = mysql
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
server-id = 1
init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8'
character-set-server = utf8
back_log = 300
max_connections = 1000
max_connect_errors = 6000
open_files_limit = 65535
table_open_cache = 128
max_allowed_packet = 4M
binlog_cache_size = 1M
max_heap_table_size = 8M
tmp_table_size = 16M
read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
join_buffer_size = 8M
key_buffer_size = 4M
thread_cache_size = 8
query_cache_type = 1
query_cache_size = 8M
query_cache_limit = 2M
ft_min_word_len = 4
log_bin = /home/mysql/mysql_logs/mysql-5.7-01/mysql-bin
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_days = 30
log_error = /home/mysql/mysql_logs/mysql-5.7-01/mysql-error.log
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 1
slow_query_log_file = /home/mysql/mysql_logs/mysql-5.7-01/mysql-slow.log
performance_schema = 0
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp
skip-external-locking
default_storage_engine = InnoDB
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_open_files = 500
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 64M
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
innodb_purge_threads = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 2M
innodb_log_file_size = 32M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
interactive_timeout = 28800
wait_timeout = 28800
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M
[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer = 4M
write_buffer = 4M

记得将mysql相关文件夹分配给我们之前创建的mysql用户

chown -R mysql.mysql mysql/

初始化数据库

/home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01/bin/mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --basedir=/home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01 --datadir=/home/mysql/mysql_data/mysql-5.7-01 #–-initialize-insecure 不生成随机密码

启动数据库

/etc/init.d/mysqld start

进入数据库

/home/mysql/mysql_client/mysql-5.7-01/bin/mysql -uroot -p

希望本文所述对大家CentOS服务器配置有所帮助。

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