Oracle外键不加索引引起死锁示例

 更新时间:2014年05月15日 16:22:23   转载 作者:  
这篇文章主要介绍了Oracle外键不加索引引起死锁的情况及解决,需要的朋友可以参考下
--创建一个表,此表作为子表

create table fk_t as select *from user_objects;

delete from fk_t where object_id is null;

commit;

--创建一个表,此表作为父表

create table pk_t as select *from user_objects;

delete from pk_t where object_id is null;

commit;

--创建父表的主键

alter table PK_t add constraintpk_pktable primary key (OBJECT_ID);

--创建子表的外键

alter table FK_t addconstraint fk_fktable foreign key (OBJECT_ID) references pk_t (OBJECT_ID);

--session1:执行一个删除操作,这时候在子表和父表上都加了一个Row-S(SX)锁

delete from fk_t whereobject_id=100;

delete from pk_t where object_id=100;

--session2:执行另一个删除操作,发现这时候第二个删除语句等待

delete from fk_t whereobject_id=200;

delete from pk_t whereobject_id=200;

--回到session1:死锁马上发生

delete from pk_t whereobject_id=100;

session2中报错:

SQL> delete from pk_table where object_id=200;
delete from pk_table where object_id=200
*
第 1 行出现错误:

ORA-00060: 等待资源时检测到死锁

当对子表的外键列添加索引后,死锁被消除,因为这时删除父表记录不需要对子表加表级锁。

--为外键建立索引

create index ind_pk_object_id on fk_t(object_id) nologging;

--重复上面的操作session1

delete from fk_t whereobject_id=100;

delete from pk_t whereobject_id=100;

--session2

delete from fk_t whereobject_id=200;

delete from pk_t whereobject_id=200;

--回到session1不会发生死锁

delete from pk_t whereobject_id=100;

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