SQL Server 实现数字辅助表实例代码

 更新时间:2016年10月19日 11:55:45   转载 投稿:lqh  
这篇文章主要介绍了SQL Server 实现数字辅助表的相关资料,并附实例代码,需要的朋友可以参考下

数字辅助表是一个连续整数的数列,通常用来实现多种不同的查询任务。大多分两类:足够大物理数字表和表函数,前者可以称为静态的,后者可以称为动态且按需生产。

物理数字表

    物理数字表通常存在一个物理表,表记录相对足够大,相关的T-SQL代码如下:

IF OBJECT_ID(N'dbo.Nums', 'U') IS NOT NULL
BEGIN
  DROP TABLE dbo.Nums;
END
GO
 
CREATE TABLE dbo.Nums 
(
  Num INT NOT NULL,
  CONSTRAINT PK_U_CL_Nums_Num PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED
  (
    Num ASC
  ) 
);
GO
 
INSERT INTO dbo.Nums (Num)
SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY (SELECT NULL)) AS RowNum
FROM master.dbo.spt_values;
GO

注意:如何填充物理数字表的方法很多,为了演示作用使用了一种。

测试的T-SQL代码如下:

1 SELECT Num
2 FROM dbo.Nums;
3 GO

执行后的查询结果如下:

 表函数

    表函数实现使用交叉连接和CTE,SQL Server 2005和以上版本的T-SQL代码如下:

IF OBJECT_ID(N'dbo.ufn_GetNums', N'IF') IS NOT NULL
BEGIN
  DROP TABLE dbo.ufn_GetNums;
END
GO
 
--==================================
-- 功能: 获取指定范围的数字数列
-- 说明: 交叉最后层级的CTE得到的数据行:在L级(从0开始计数)得到的行的总数为2^2^L。
--    例如:在5级就会得到4 294 967 596行。5级的CTE提供了超过40亿的行。
-- 作者: XXX
-- 创建: yyyy-MM-dd
-- 修改: yyyy-MM-dd XXX 修改内容描述
--==================================
CREATE FUNCTION dbo.ufn_GetNums
(
  @bintLow BIGINT,
  @bintHigh BIGINT
) RETURNS TABLE
AS
RETURN 
  WITH
    L0 AS (SELECT c FROM (VALUES(1), (1)) AS LO(c)),
    L1 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L0 AS T CROSS JOIN L0 AS T2),
    L2 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L1 AS T CROSS JOIN L1 AS T2),
    L3 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L2 AS T CROSS JOIN L2 AS T2),
    L4 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L3 AS T CROSS JOIN L3 AS T2),
    L5 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L4 AS T CROSS JOIN L4 AS T2),
    Nums AS (SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY (SELECT NULL)) AS RowNum FROM L5)
 
  SELECT TOP (@bintHigh - @bintLow + 1) @bintLow + RowNum - 1 AS Num
  FROM Nums
  ORDER BY RowNum ASC;
GO

    SQL Server 2012增加了有关分页的新特性,相关的T-SQL代码如下:

IF OBJECT_ID(N'dbo.ufn_GetNums2', N'IF') IS NOT NULL
BEGIN
  DROP TABLE dbo.ufn_GetNums2;
END
GO
 
--==================================
-- 功能: 获取指定范围的数字数列
-- 说明: 交叉最后层级的CTE得到的数据行:在L级(从0开始计数)得到的行的总数为2^2^L。
--    例如:在5级就会得到4 294 967 596行。5级的CTE提供了超过40亿的行。 
-- 作者: XXX
-- 创建: yyyy-MM-dd
-- 修改: yyyy-MM-dd XXX 修改内容描述
--==================================
CREATE FUNCTION dbo.ufn_GetNums2
(
  @bintLow BIGINT,
  @bintHigh BIGINT
) RETURNS TABLE
AS
RETURN 
  WITH
    L0 AS (SELECT c FROM (VALUES(1), (1)) AS LO(c)),
    L1 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L0 AS T CROSS JOIN L0 AS T2),
    L2 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L1 AS T CROSS JOIN L1 AS T2),
    L3 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L2 AS T CROSS JOIN L2 AS T2),
    L4 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L3 AS T CROSS JOIN L3 AS T2),
    L5 AS (SELECT 1 AS c FROM L4 AS T CROSS JOIN L4 AS T2),
    Nums AS (SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY (SELECT NULL)) AS RowNum FROM L5)
 
  SELECT @bintLow + RowNum - 1 AS Num
  FROM Nums
  ORDER BY RowNum ASC
  OFFSET 0 ROWS FETCH FIRST @bintHigh - @bintLow + 1 ROWS ONLY;
GO

以函数ufn_GetNums为例,演示相关的效果。获取指定范围的数字序列的T-SQL代码如下:

SELECT Num
FROM dbo.ufn_GetNums(11, 20);
GO

执行后的查询结果如下:


 

博友如有其他更好的解决方案,也请不吝赐教,万分感谢。

参考清单列表

1、《Microsoft SQL Server 2012 High-Performance T-SQL Using Window Functions》 作者 Itzik Ben-Gan(美国)(SQL Server Inside 有关书籍的作者)

感谢阅读,希望能帮助到大家,谢谢大家对本站的支持!

相关文章

最新评论