详解Python中如何写控制台进度条的整理

转载  更新时间:2018年03月07日 11:01:06   作者:小顾de杂记   我要评论

这篇文章主要介绍了详解Python中如何写控制台进度条的整理,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

本文实例讲述了Python显示进度条的方法,是Python程序设计中非常实用的技巧。分享给大家供大家参考。具体方法如下:

首先,进度条和一般的print区别在哪里呢?

答案就是print会输出一个\n,也就是换行符,这样光标移动到了下一行行首,接着输出,之前已经通过stdout输出的东西依旧保留,而且保证我们在下面看到最新的输出结果。

进度条不然,我们必须再原地输出才能保证他是一个进度条,否则换行了怎么还叫进度条?

最简单的办法就是,再输出完毕后,把光标移动到行首,继续在那里输出更长的进度条即可实现,新的更长的进度条把旧的短覆盖,就形成了动画效果。

可以想到那个转义符了吧,那就是\ r。

转义符r就可以把光标移动到行首而不换行,转义符n就把光标移动到行首并且换行。

在python中,输出stdout(标准输出)可以使用sys.stdout.write

例如:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding=utf-8 -*-
#Using GPL v2
#Author: ihipop@gmail.com
##2010-10-27 22:07
"""
Usage:
Just A Template
"""
from __future__ import division

import sys,time
j = '#'
if __name__ == '__main__':
  for i in range(1,61):
    j += '#'
    sys.stdout.write(str(int((i/60)*100))+'% ||'+j+'->'+"\r")
    sys.stdout.flush()
    time.sleep(0.5)
print

第二种思路是用转义符\b

转义符\b是退格键,也就是说把输出的光标往回退格子,这样就可以不用+=了,例如:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding=utf-8 -*-
#Using GPL v2
#Author: ihipop@gmail.com
#2010-10-27 22:07
"""
Usage:
Just A Template
"""
from __future__ import division

import sys,time
if __name__ == '__main__':
  for i in range(1,61):
    sys.stdout.write('#'+'->'+"\b\b")
    sys.stdout.flush()
    time.sleep(0.5)
print

光标回退2格,写个#再回退,再写,达到增长的目的了

不过写这么多似乎是废话,在耳边常常听到一句话:那就是不要重复造轮子。实际上python有丰富发lib帮你实现这个东西,你完全可以把心思放在逻辑开发上而不用注意这些小细节

下面要介绍的就是这个类“progressbar”,使用easy_install可以方便的安装这个类库,其实就一个文件,拿过来放到文件同一个目录下面也直接可以import过来

如下图所示:

下面就是基本使用举例:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding=utf-8 -*-
#Using GPL v2
#Author: ihipop@gmail.com
#2010-10-27 22:53
"""
Usage:
Just A Template
"""
from __future__ import division

import sys,time
from progressbar import *
total = 1000

#基本用法
progress = ProgressBar()
for i in progress(range(total)):
 time.sleep(0.01)

pbar = ProgressBar().start()
for i in range(1,1000):
  pbar.update(int((i/(total-1))*100))
  time.sleep(0.01)
pbar.finish()

#高级用法
widgets = ['Progress: ', Percentage(), ' ', Bar(marker=RotatingMarker('>-=')),
      ' ', ETA(), ' ', FileTransferSpeed()]
pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets, maxval=10000000).start()
for i in range(1000000):
 # do something
 pbar.update(10*i+1)
 time.sleep(0.0001)
pbar.finish()

官方示例:http://code.google.com/p/python-progressbar/source/browse/progressbar/examples.py

# coding:utf-8
import sys
import time
from progressbar import AnimatedMarker, Bar, BouncingBar, Counter, ETA, \
  FileTransferSpeed, FormatLabel, Percentage, \
  ProgressBar, ReverseBar, RotatingMarker, \
  SimpleProgress, Timer

examples = []

def example(fn):
  try:
    name = 'Example %d' % int(fn.__name__[7:])
  except:
    name = fn.__name__

  def wrapped():
    try:
      sys.stdout.write('Running: %s\n' % name)
      fn()
      sys.stdout.write('\n')
    except KeyboardInterrupt:
      sys.stdout.write('\nSkipping example.\n\n')

  examples.append(wrapped)
  return wrapped

@example
def example0():
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=[Percentage(), Bar()], maxval=300).start()
  for i in range(300):
    time.sleep(0.01)
    pbar.update(i + 1)
  pbar.finish()

@example
def example1():
  widgets = ['Test: ', Percentage(), ' ', Bar(marker=RotatingMarker()),
        ' ', ETA(), ' ', FileTransferSpeed()]
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets, maxval=10000000).start()
  for i in range(1000000):
    # do something
    pbar.update(10 * i + 1)
  pbar.finish()

@example
def example2():
  class CrazyFileTransferSpeed(FileTransferSpeed):
    """It's bigger between 45 and 80 percent."""

    def update(self, pbar):
      if 45 < pbar.percentage() < 80:
        return 'Bigger Now ' + FileTransferSpeed.update(self, pbar)
      else:
        return FileTransferSpeed.update(self, pbar)

  widgets = [CrazyFileTransferSpeed(), ' <<<', Bar(), '>>> ',
        Percentage(), ' ', ETA()]
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets, maxval=10000000)
  # maybe do something
  pbar.start()
  for i in range(2000000):
    # do something
    pbar.update(5 * i + 1)
  pbar.finish()

@example
def example3():
  widgets = [Bar('>'), ' ', ETA(), ' ', ReverseBar('<')]
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets, maxval=10000000).start()
  for i in range(1000000):
    # do something
    pbar.update(10 * i + 1)
  pbar.finish()

@example
def example4():
  widgets = ['Test: ', Percentage(), ' ',
        Bar(marker='0', left='[', right=']'),
        ' ', ETA(), ' ', FileTransferSpeed()]
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets, maxval=500)
  pbar.start()
  for i in range(100, 500 + 1, 50):
    time.sleep(0.2)
    pbar.update(i)
  pbar.finish()

@example
def example5():
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=[SimpleProgress()], maxval=17).start()
  for i in range(17):
    time.sleep(0.2)
    pbar.update(i + 1)
  pbar.finish()

@example
def example6():
  pbar = ProgressBar().start()
  for i in range(100):
    time.sleep(0.01)
    pbar.update(i + 1)
  pbar.finish()

@example
def example7():
  pbar = ProgressBar() # Progressbar can guess maxval automatically.
  for i in pbar(range(80)):
    time.sleep(0.01)

@example
def example8():
  pbar = ProgressBar(maxval=80) # Progressbar can't guess maxval.
  for i in pbar((i for i in range(80))):
    time.sleep(0.01)

@example
def example9():
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=['Working: ', AnimatedMarker()])
  for i in pbar((i for i in range(50))):
    time.sleep(.08)

@example
def example10():
  widgets = ['Processed: ', Counter(), ' lines (', Timer(), ')']
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets)
  for i in pbar((i for i in range(150))):
    time.sleep(0.1)

@example
def example11():
  widgets = [FormatLabel('Processed: %(value)d lines (in: %(elapsed)s)')]
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets)
  for i in pbar((i for i in range(150))):
    time.sleep(0.1)

@example
def example12():
  widgets = ['Balloon: ', AnimatedMarker(markers='.oO<a href="http://www.jobbole.com/members/weiboyes8848" rel="external nofollow" >@*</a> ')]
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets)
  for i in pbar((i for i in range(24))):
    time.sleep(0.3)

@example
def example13():
  # You may need python 3.x to see this correctly
  try:
    widgets = ['Arrows: ', AnimatedMarker(markers='←↖↑↗→↘↓↙')]
    pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets)
    for i in pbar((i for i in range(24))):
      time.sleep(0.3)
  except UnicodeError:
    sys.stdout.write('Unicode error: skipping example')

@example
def example14():
  # You may need python 3.x to see this correctly
  try:
    widgets = ['Arrows: ', AnimatedMarker(markers='◢◣◤◥')]
    pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets)
    for i in pbar((i for i in range(24))):
      time.sleep(0.3)
  except UnicodeError:
    sys.stdout.write('Unicode error: skipping example')

@example
def example15():
  # You may need python 3.x to see this correctly
  try:
    widgets = ['Wheels: ', AnimatedMarker(markers='◐◓◑◒')]
    pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets)
    for i in pbar((i for i in range(24))):
      time.sleep(0.3)
  except UnicodeError:
    sys.stdout.write('Unicode error: skipping example')

@example
def example16():
  widgets = [FormatLabel('Bouncer: value %(value)d - '), BouncingBar()]
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets)
  for i in pbar((i for i in range(180))):
    time.sleep(0.05)

@example
def example17():
  widgets = [FormatLabel('Animated Bouncer: value %(value)d - '),
        BouncingBar(marker=RotatingMarker())]

  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets)
  for i in pbar((i for i in range(180))):
    time.sleep(0.05)

@example
def example18():
  widgets = [Percentage(),
        ' ', Bar(),
        ' ', ETA(),
        ' ', AdaptiveETA()]
  pbar = ProgressBar(widgets=widgets, maxval=500)
  pbar.start()
  for i in range(500):
    time.sleep(0.01 + (i < 100) * 0.01 + (i > 400) * 0.9)
    pbar.update(i + 1)
  pbar.finish()

@example
def example19():
  pbar = ProgressBar()
  for i in pbar([]):
    pass
  pbar.finish()

try:
  for example in examples:
    example()
except KeyboardInterrupt:
  sys.stdout('\nQuitting examples.\n')

再发一个类:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding=utf-8 -*-
#Using GPL v2
#Author: ihipop@gmail.com
#2010-10-30 13:59
"""
Usage:
Just A Template
"""
class progressbarClass: 
  def __init__(self, finalcount, progresschar=None):
    import sys
    self.finalcount=finalcount
    self.blockcount=0
    #
    # See if caller passed me a character to use on the
    # progress bar (like "*"). If not use the block
    # character that makes it look like a real progress
    # bar.
    #
    if not progresschar: self.block=chr(178)
    else:        self.block=progresschar
    #
    # Get pointer to sys.stdout so I can use the write/flush
    # methods to display the progress bar.
    #
    self.f=sys.stdout
    #
    # If the final count is zero, don't start the progress gauge
    #
    if not self.finalcount : return
    self.f.write('\n------------------- % Progress -------------------\n')
    return

  def progress(self, count):
    #
    # Make sure I don't try to go off the end (e.g. >100%)
    #
    count=min(count, self.finalcount)
    #
    # If finalcount is zero, I'm done
    #
    if self.finalcount:
      percentcomplete=int(round(100*count/self.finalcount))
      if percentcomplete < 1: percentcomplete=1
    else:
      percentcomplete=100

    #print "percentcomplete=",percentcomplete
    blockcount=int(percentcomplete/2)
    #print "blockcount=",blockcount
    if blockcount > self.blockcount:
      for i in range(self.blockcount,blockcount):
        self.f.write(self.block)
        self.f.flush()

    if percentcomplete == 100: self.f.write("\n")
    self.blockcount=blockcount
    return

if __name__ == "__main__":
  from time import sleep
  pb=progressbarClass(8,"*")
  count=0
  while count<9:
    count+=1
    pb.progress(count)
    sleep(0.2)

另外,python cookbook中11.1节也提供了一个不错的进度条类,代码如下:

import sys

class progressbar(object):

  def __init__(self, finalcount, block_char='.'):
    self.finalcount = finalcount
    self.blockcount = 0
    self.block = block_char
    self.f = sys.stdout
    if not self.finalcount:
      return
    self.f.write('\n------------------ % Progress -------------------1\n')
    self.f.write(' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0\n')
    self.f.write('----0----0----0----0----0----0----0----0----0----0\n')

  def progress(self, count):
    count = min(count, self.finalcount)
    if self.finalcount:
      percentcomplete = int(round(100.0 * count / self.finalcount))
      if percentcomplete < 1:
        percentcomplete = 1
    else:
      percentcomplete = 100
    blockcount = int(percentcomplete // 2)
    if blockcount <= self.blockcount:
      return
    for i in range(self.blockcount, blockcount):
      self.f.write(self.block)
    self.f.flush()
    self.blockcount = blockcount
    if percentcomplete == 100:
      self.f.write("\n")

if __name__ == "__main__":
  from time import sleep
  pb = progressbar(8, "*")
  for count in range(1, 9):
    pb.progress(count)
    sleep(0.2)
  pb = progressbar(100)
  pb.progress(20)
  sleep(0.3)
  pb.progress(47)
  sleep(0.3)
  pb.progress(90)
  sleep(0.3)
  pb.progress(100)
  print "testing 1:"
  pb = progressbar(1)
  pb.progress(1)

运行结果如下图所示:

希望本文所述对大家Python程序设计的学习有所帮助。也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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