完整的注册表操作实例 VBS脚本

 更新时间:2009年05月13日 16:50:44   作者:   我要评论
就是个实例,基本包含了所有对注册表的操作。
①创建主键、创建各类型的键值。
②读取键值并分析键值类型。
③枚举主键及键值。
④判断键或键值是否存在。
⑤查询注册表键的操作权限。
⑥监视注册表根键、主键、键值,当发现变动时提示。
复制代码 代码如下:

'''注册表查询/操作
On Error Resume Next
Const HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT = &H80000000'''设置注册表5大根键,HKCR-----------①
Const HKEY_CURRENT_USER = &H80000001'''HKCU
Const HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE = &H80000002'''HKLM
Const HKEY_Users = &H80000003'''HKU
Const HKEY_Current_Config = &H80000005'''HKCC
Const REG_SZ = 1'''设置注册表键值类型,字符串型---------------------------②
Const REG_EXPAND_SZ = 2'''扩展字符串型
Const REG_BINARY = 3'''二进制型
Const REG_DWORD = 4'''双字节型
Const REG_MULTI_SZ = 7'''多字符串型
Const KEY_QUERY_VALUE = &H0001'''查询注册表权限,查询数值-----------------③
Const KEY_SET_VALUE = &H0002'''设置数值
Const KEY_CREATE_SUB_KEY = &H0004'''创建子项
Const DELETE = &H00010000'''删除项值
'''-----------------配置环境(路径)----------------------------------------00
strComputer = "."
Set WshShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
Set oReg=GetObject("winmgmts:{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" & strComputer & "\root\default:StdRegProv")
strKeyRoot = HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
Regpath = "HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE"
strKeyPath = "Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run"
WshSHell.popup "设置路径【HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run】成功"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''-----------------创建主键"REG_KEY_SZ"----------------------------------01
strKeyPathNew = "Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\User_baomaboy\"'''注意因为是新建主键,要多加个“\”
oReg.CreateKey strKeyRoot, strKeyPathNew
WshSHell.popup "创建主键【HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\User_baomaboy\】成功"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''-----------------创建字符串值"REG_SZ"----------------------------------02
strValueName="1字符串名"
strValue="字符串值"
oReg.SetStringValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, strValueName, strValue
WshSHell.popup "创建字符串【HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\1字符串名】成功"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''-----------------创建双字节值"REG_DWORD"--------------------------------
strValueName="2双字节名"
strValue=1
oReg.SetDWORDValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, strValueName, strValue
WshSHell.popup "创建双字节值【HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\2双字节名】成功"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''-----------------创建多字符串"REG_MULTI_SZ"-----------------------------
strValueName="3多字符串名"
arrStringValues = Array("QQ25926183", "userbaomaboy","LLKJ", "玲珑科技")
oReg.SetMultiStringValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, strValueName, arrStringValues
WshSHell.popup "创建多字符串【HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\3多字符串名】成功"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''-----------------创建扩展字符串"REG_EXPAND_SZ"--------------------------
strValueName = "4扩展字符串名"
strValue = "%PATHEXT%"
oReg.SetExpandedStringValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, strValueName, strValue
WshSHell.popup "创建扩展字符串【HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\4扩展字符串名】成功"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''-----------------创建二进制值"REG_BINVRY_SZ"----------------------------
RegPathEr=Regpath&"\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\5二进制值"
WshSHell.RegWrite RegPathEr,1,"REG_BINARY"
WshSHell.popup "创建二进制值【HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\5二进制值】成功"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 读取字符串值"REG_VALUE"-------------------------------
oReg.GetStringValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "1字符串名", strRunCommand
WshSHell.popup "读取字符串值:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&strRunCommand&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 读取双字节值"REG_DWORD"-------------------------------
oReg.GetDWORDValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "2双字节名", strRunCommand
WshSHell.popup "读取双字节值:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&strRunCommand&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 读取多字符串值"REG_MULTI_SZ"--------------------------
oReg.GetMultiStringValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "3多字符串名", arrValues
For Each strValue In arrValues
DuoString=DuoString&vbcrlf&strValue
Next
WshSHell.popup "读取多字符串值:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&DuoString&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 读取扩展字符串"REG_EXPAND_SZ"-------------------------
oReg.GetExpandedStringValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "4扩展字符串名", strValue
WshSHell.popup "读取扩展字符串值:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&strValue&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 读取二进制值"REG_BINVRY_SZ"----------------------------
oReg.GetBinaryValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "5二进制值", strValue
For i = lBound(strValue) to uBound(strValue)
ErString=ErString&strValue(i)
Next
WshSHell.popup "读取二进制值:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&ErString&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 枚举主键"SUB_KEY"--------------------------------------
oReg.EnumKey strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, arrSubKeys
For Each subkey In arrSubKeys
ArrSubKeyStr=ArrSubKeyStr&vbcrlf&subkey
Next
WshSHell.popup "枚举主键:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&ArrSubKeyStr&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 枚举键值和键值类型"KEY_Value_Types"--------------------
oReg.EnumValues strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, arrValueNames, arrValueTypes
For i=0 To UBound(arrValueNames)
If Len(arrValueNames(i)) > 0 Then
Select Case arrValueTypes(i)
Case REG_SZ ValueType=" >>>是:字符串值"
Case REG_EXPAND_SZ ValueType=" >>>是:扩展字符串值"
Case REG_BINARY ValueType=" >>>是:二进制值"
Case REG_DWORD ValueType=" >>>是:双字节值"
Case REG_MULTI_SZ ValueType=" >>>是:多字符串值"
End Select
arrValueStr=arrValueStr&vbcrlf&arrValueNames(i)&ValueType
End If
Next
WshSHell.popup "枚举键值和类型:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&arrValueStr&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 枚举键值和键值内容一"KEY_Value_Contenct"----------------
oReg.EnumValues strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, arrValueNames, arrValueTypes
For i=0 To UBound(arrValueNames)
If Len(arrValueNames(i)) > 0 Then
oReg.GetStringValue strKeyRoot,strKeyPath,arrValueNames(i),strValue'''适应于字符串型
ValueStr=ValueStr&vbcrlf&arrValueNames(i)&vbcrlf&strValue
end if
Next
WshSHell.popup "枚举键值和内容一:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&ValueStr&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 枚举键值和键值内容二"KEY_Value_Contenct"----------------
oReg.EnumValues strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, arrValueNames, arrValueTypes
i=0
For Each strValue in arrValueNames
If Len(strValue) > 0 Then
i=i+1
oReg.GetStringValue strKeyRoot,strKeyPath,strValue,strRunCommand'''适应于字符串型
intLength = Len(strRunCommand)
if intLength > 35 then'''美化回显,(可再加代码判路径是否包含断汉字)
strRunCommand = Left(strRunCommand, 20)&"……"&Right(strRunCommand, 13)
end if
StrRoot= i&".【"&strValue&"】"&vbCRLF&" "&strRunCommand
ARoot=ARoot&vbCRLF&StrRoot
End If
Next
WshSHell.popup "枚举键值和内容二:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&ARoot&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 删除键值"REG_VALUE"-------------------------------------
oReg.DeleteValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "5二进制值"
WshSHell.popup "删除键值:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&Regpath&"\"&strKeyPath&"\5二进制值"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''----------------- 删除主键"SUB_KEY"---------------------------------------
oReg.DeleteKey strKeyRoot, strKeyPathNew
WshSHell.popup "删除主键:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&Regpath&"\"&strKeyPathNew&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''-----------------判断键值是否存在-----------------------------------------
strValue="""病毒"""
oReg.GetStringValue strKeyRoot,strKeyPath,strValue,strRunCommand
If IsNull(strRunCommand) Then
WshSHell.popup strValue&"此注册表键值不存在."&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
Else
WshSHell.popup strValue&"注册表中存在此键值."&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
End If
'''----------------- 检查注册表访问权限"Check Up Extent Of Power"------------
oReg.CheckAccess strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, KEY_QUERY_VALUE, bHasAccessRight
If bHasAccessRight = True Then
aaa="可以查询数值"
Else
aaa="不可查询数值"
End If
oReg.CheckAccess strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, KEY_SET_VALUE, bHasAccessRight
If bHasAccessRight = True Then
bbb="可以设置数值"
Else
bbb="不可设置数值"
End If
oReg.CheckAccess strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, KEY_CREATE_SUB_KEY, bHasAccessRight
If bHasAccessRight = True Then
ccc="可以创建主键"
Else
ccc="不可创建主键"
End If
oReg.CheckAccess strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, DELETE, bHasAccessRight
If bHasAccessRight = True Then
ddd="可以删除键值"
Else
ddd="不可删除键值"
End If
WshSHell.popup "注册表访问权限:"&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&Regpath&"\"&strKeyPath&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&aaa&vbcrlf&bbb&vbcrlf&ccc&vbcrlf&ddd&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&vbcrlf&"5 秒钟后本窗口将自动关闭!", 5, "QQ:25926183", 0 + 64
'''-----恢复注册表原样--------
oReg.DeleteValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "4扩展字符串名"
oReg.DeleteValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "3多字符串名"
oReg.DeleteValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "2双字节名"
oReg.DeleteValue strKeyRoot, strKeyPath, "1字符串名"
'''-----------------监视注册表键值"REG_KEY_SZ"-------------------------------
'''用以对注册表中HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\1字符串名"分支下的所有更改内容进行监视。
'Set wmiServices = GetObject("winmgmts:root/default")
'Set wmiSink = WScript.CreateObject("WbemScripting.SWbemSink", "SINK_")
'wmiServices.ExecNotificationQueryAsync wmiSink, _
'"SELECT * FROM RegistryValueChangeEvent WHERE Hive='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE' AND " & _
'"KeyPath='SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion\\Run' AND ValueName='1字符串名'"
'WScript.Echo "开始监视注册表HKLM_Run主键键值的值的变化......" & vbCrLf
'While(1)
'WScript.Sleep 1000
'Wend
'Sub SINK_OnObjectReady(wmiObject, wmiAsyncContext)
'WScript.Echo ".........注册表改变......" & vbCrLf & _
'"----------监视注册表键值的值变化-----------" & vbCrLf & _
'wmiObject.GetObjectText_()
'WScript.Quit(0)'''用作发现修改则提示后退出
'End Sub
'''-----------------监视注册表主键"REG_SubKey_SZ"-----------------------------
'''监视注册表,以发现对 HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run 的任何更改。
'Set wmiServices = GetObject("winmgmts:root/default")
'Set wmiSink = WScript.CreateObject("WbemScripting.SWbemSink", "SINK_")
'wmiServices.ExecNotificationQueryAsync wmiSink, _
'"SELECT * FROM RegistryKeyChangeEvent WHERE Hive='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE' AND " & _
'"KeyPath='SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion\\Run'"
'WScript.Echo "开始监视注册表HKLM_Run主键的键值变化......" & vbCrLf
'While(1)
'WScript.Sleep 1000
'Wend
'Sub SINK_OnObjectReady(wmiObject, wmiAsyncContext)
'WScript.Echo ".........注册表改变......" & vbCrLf & _
'"----------监视注册表主键键值变化-----------" & vbCrLf & _
'wmiObject.GetObjectText_()
'WScript.Quit(0)'''用作发现修改则提示后退出
'End Sub
'''-----------------监视注册表根键"REG_RootKey_SZ"----------------------------
'''监视注册表,以发现对 HKLM 的任何更改。
Set wmiServices = GetObject("winmgmts:root/default")
Set wmiSink = WScript.CreateObject("WbemScripting.SWbemSink", "SINK_")
wmiServices.ExecNotificationQueryAsync wmiSink, _
"SELECT * FROM RegistryTreeChangeEvent WHERE Hive='HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE' AND RootPath=''"
WScript.Echo "开始监视注册表HKLM根键的所有变化......" & vbCrLf
While(1)
WScript.Sleep 1000
Wend
Sub SINK_OnObjectReady(wmiObject, wmiAsyncContext)
WScript.Echo ".........注册表改变......" & vbCrLf & _
"----------监视注册表根键所有变化-----------" & vbCrLf & _
wmiObject.GetObjectText_()
WScript.Quit(0)'''用作发现修改则提示后退出
End Sub

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