用shell脚本防ssh和vsftpd暴力破解的详解讲解

 更新时间:2014年01月02日 13:51:05   作者:  
新近刚上的FTP备份服务器,例行检查/var/log/secure日志时,发现不少sshd和vsftpd失败认证信息,很明显有人想用暴力破解工具窃取密码,所以需要编写一个安全脚本防止

脚本需求如下:此SHELL脚本放在crontab计划任务里,每隔6小时(此时间根据实际情况来定义)就去读取/var/log/secure脚本,取出里面恶意猜测IP,如果单位时间内(一星期)的连接数是高于一个阀值,例如100(此阀值也可以根据实际情况来定义),则将其加进/etc/hosts.deny黑名单里,如果低于此阀值,则无视此IP。

/var/log/secure里认证失败信息如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

Nov 28 10:18:08 centos2 sshd[7556]: Connection closed by 222.216.30.109
Nov 28 10:18:08 centos2 sshd[7557]: pam_unix(sshd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 tty=ssh ruser= rhost=222.216.30.109  user=root
Nov 28 10:18:09 centos2 sshd[7559]: pam_unix(sshd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 tty=ssh ruser= rhost=222.216.30.109  user=root
Nov 28 10:18:10 centos2 sshd[7551]: Failed password for root from 222.216.30.109 port 2391 ssh2
Nov 28 10:18:10 centos2 sshd[7552]: Connection closed by 222.216.30.109
Nov 28 10:18:10 centos2 sshd[7553]: Failed password for root from 222.216.30.109 port 2397 ssh2
Nov 28 10:18:10 centos2 sshd[7554]: Connection closed by 222.216.30.109
Nov 28 10:18:11 centos2 sshd[7557]: Failed password for root from 222.216.30.109 port 2401 ssh2
Nov 28 10:18:11 centos2 sshd[7558]: Connection closed by 222.216.30.109
Nov 28 10:18:11 centos2 sshd[7559]: Failed password for root from 222.216.30.109 port 2403 ssh2
Nov 28 10:18:11 centos2 sshd[7560]: Connection closed by 222.216.30.109
Nov 28 10:37:01 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): check pass; user unknown
Nov 28 10:37:01 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 tty=ftp ruser=hello rhost=centos1.cn7788.com
Nov 28 10:37:01 centos2 vsftpd: pam_succeed_if(vsftpd:auth): error retrieving information about user hello
Nov 28 10:37:19 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): check pass; user unknown
Nov 28 10:37:19 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 tty=ftp ruser=yhc rhost=centos1.cn7788.com
Nov 28 10:37:19 centos2 vsftpd: pam_succeed_if(vsftpd:auth): error retrieving information about user yhc
Nov 28 10:37:36 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): check pass; user unknown
Nov 28 10:37:36 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 tty=ftp ruser=yuhongchun rhost=centos1.cn7788.com
Nov 28 10:37:36 centos2 vsftpd: pam_succeed_if(vsftpd:auth): error retrieving information about user yuhongchun
Nov 28 10:42:44 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): check pass; user unknown
Nov 28 10:42:44 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 tty=ftp ruser=yuhongchun rhost=114.112.169.70
Nov 28 10:42:44 centos2 vsftpd: pam_succeed_if(vsftpd:auth): error retrieving information about user yuhongchun
Nov 28 10:42:56 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): check pass; user unknown
Nov 28 10:42:56 centos2 vsftpd: pam_unix(vsftpd:auth): authentication failure; logname= uid=0 euid=0 tty=ftp ruser=andrewyu rhost=114.112.169.70
Nov 28 10:42:56 centos2 vsftpd: pam_succeed_if(vsftpd:auth): error retrieving information about user andrewyu

我们观察下/var/log/secure文件轮询特征,如下所示:

复制代码 代码如下:

[root@centos2 log]# ls -lsart secure.*
512 -rw------- 1 root root 516379 11-04 01:31 secure.4
660 -rw------- 1 root root 668192 11-11 00:05 secure.3
304 -rw------- 1 root root 306589 11-17 10:33 secure.2
484 -rw------- 1 root root 488620 11-25 02:33 secure.1

基本上,secure文件是以星期为轮询周期的,如果对安全要求严格的朋友还可以本着“一个不放过”的原则来抓取上面的旧secure的恶意IP,下面我们就们就要想办法高效的来抓取这些恶意IP,如果参考原始版本的SHELL脚本写法,,我们这里要抓取secure日志中的侦测vsftpd及sshd服务的IP地址,我们可以用如下命令,命令如下所示:

复制代码 代码如下:

cat /var/log/secure | awk '/Failed/{print $(NF-3)}'| sort| uniq -c| awk '{print $2"="$1;}'

很明显,这样是取不到vsftpd失败的IP值的,sshd日志失败信息跟vsftpd日志失败信息不一样,我写了几种awk混合sed的方法,测试了效率,感觉用awk脚本速度是最快的,大家也可以写几种,用time命令测试下;最后精简了下代码,完成了整个脚本,脚本内容如下所示:

复制代码 代码如下:

#!/bin/bash
#Denyhosts For vsftpd and sshd
#2012-12-28
awk '{for(i=1;i<=NF;i++){if($i ~ /rhost/)print substr($i,7)}}' /var/log/secure  | sort | uniq  -c  >/root/black.txt
DEFINE="100"
for i in `cat  /root/black.txt`
do
        IP=`echo $i |awk  '{print $1}'`
        NUM=`echo $i|awk  '{print $2}'`
        if [ $NUM -gt $DEFINE ];
        then
         grep $IP /etc/hosts.deny > /dev/null
          if [ $? -gt 0 ];
          then
          echo "sshd:$IP" >>  /etc/hosts.deny
          echo "vsftpd:$IP" >> /etc/hosts.deny
          fi
        fi
done

脚本运行一段时间后,我们可以观察此脚本涉及到的一些文件,如/root/black.txt,结果如下所示:

复制代码 代码如下:

[root@centos2 ~]# cat /root/black.txt
      2 113.17.144.156
      4 114.112.51.208
      4 114.112.69.170
    169 118-163-227-50.hinet-ip.hinet.net
      8 119.188.7.200
      8 122.70.130.11
     61 124.248.32.246
     12 183.203.14.121
      3 189.26.255.11
     56 199.204.237.60
      3 199.30.53.220
      5 201.236.80.4
      6 220.172.191.31
     30 222.216.30.109
     60 222.253.159.111
     58 223.4.180.23
    166 58.221.42.178
      1 61.132.4.85
    152 61.142.106.34
     22 61.167.33.222
      7 85.126.166.83
    166 www.b-nets.com

/etc/hosts.deny脚本内容如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

sshd:124.248.32.246
vsftpd:124.248.32.246
sshd:199.204.237.60
vsftpd:199.204.237.60
sshd:222.253.159.111
vsftpd:222.253.159.111
sshd:223.4.180.23
vsftpd:223.4.180.23
sshd:58.221.42.178
vsftpd:58.221.42.178
sshd:61.142.106.34
vsftpd:61.142.106.34
sshd:118-163-227-50.hinet-ip.hinet.net
vsftpd:118-163-227-50.hinet-ip.hinet.net
sshd:www.b-nets.com
vsftpd:www.b-nets.com

最后,我们将此shell脚本放进crontab 里,每间隔六小时就运行一次,命令如下:

复制代码 代码如下:

* */6 * * * root /bin/bash /root/hostsdeny.sh >> /dev/null 2>&1

由于/var/log/secure日志是以星期为轮询的,此脚本执行频率可自行设定,如果感觉服务器被频繁侦测,执行频率间隔可设置短些,反之,可设置长些。

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